Schoharie County NYGenWeb Site
Gleanings from Newspapers
Outside of the Schoharie County Vicinity

1701 - 1800
1801 - 1850
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contributions by Doug Boyer and Tonya Frickey

New Jersey Journal (Elizabethtown, NJ) – March 17, 1801

340 Dollars Reward

     Escaped from the State Prison, in the night of the 9th inst. the following Prisoners, viz
. . . 
     Erastus Hall a native of Schoharie, New-York, 23 years old, a farmer, usually resided at Middlebury, (Ver.) fair complexion, black hair, 5 feet 8 inches high, and has black eyes.
. . . 
Also Escaped on Tuesday night last
. . . 
     George Smith, a native of Bristol, aged 28 years, shoemaker, ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, 5 1-2 feet high, black eyes.
. . .
     Thirty Dollars will be paid for apprehending and delivering to this prison each of the above prisoners, and all reasonable charges paid for conveying them.
                                                     John Pray, Keeper.
     New York State Prison, March 10.

New Jersey Journal (Elizabethtown, NJ) – August 18, 1801

From the Albany Register

     Appointments, by the honorable the Council of appointment

     Peter Vrooman, Jun. Sheriff of the county of Schoharie.

The Daily Advertiser (New York, NY) – December 19, 1801

     Died, at Schoharie, on the 8th inst. in the 31st year of his age, Joacham G. Staats, Esquire, Clerk of that county.

Columbian Courier (New Bedford, MA) – July 15, 1803

From the Balance

     Perhaps there is not a more astonishing instance of petrifaction in the western world, than is to be seen about half a mile from the Court house in Schoharie county. And, what is almost as astonishing, it has never been noticed by any geographer or naturalist. It is a hill, whose size almost entitles it to the appellation of a mountain, which may be pronounced, a mere mass of petrified shells. I went to the top of the hill (which is some thousand feet higher than the ground where the Court house stands) and examined the rock as I went up, and then along the top of the ridge for half a mile. The rock is generally covered with a thin soil, but lies bare at different intervals, not far distant from each other, in its whole extent; and in some places projects from the ground ten or twelve feet. Every inch of the rock exhibits petrified shells in their perfect form. In one piece I broke off a piece of the rock, in a deep fissure, ten feet from the surface of the rock, and found it to be of the same composition. Wherever the rock is exposed to the sun, it resembles brimstone; where it is hid from the sun, it is dark, coarse and rough. It seems to be composed wholly of river shells; I could find no oyster shells, but I found some very large clam shells. There is one thing particularly worthy of remark. Although it is a ridge so elevated, that no water of a petrified quality, or otherwise, can possibly run there, I saw a bunch of moss, which a gentleman had found there, perfectly petrified.
     I have no leisure, neither am I enough of a naturalist to investigate and make due reflection upon this wonderful phenomenon; but I hope this communication will excite the curiosity of some ingenious naturalist, to do justice to the subject.
Livingston Ville, Schoharie County.

Litchfield Monitor (Litchfield, CT) – May 9, 1804

     The fresh in the Catskill yesterday, raised it to a height but seldom witnessed, and caused a velocity in the current almost unparalleled. A small boat with four persons in it, gathering driftwood and timber, was upset, and two out of the four, a son of Henry Van Sickler, aged about 16 years, and a black man belonging to a Mr. Ten Broeck of Claverack were drowned. Another person, by the name of John Hamilton, a native of Scotland, in attempting (with a boat-hook) to catch a log as it was passing a dock, missed it and fell into the creek, and was also drowned. Judging from the devastation that has occurred near at hand we are apprehensive that the damage on the Schoharie and other creeks westward of this, has been very great. We have already heard, with much regret, of the destruction of the bridge lately built by the turnpike company across the Catskill, about four miles from this; and also of another, built last season, across the same stream, about three miles further up, near Mr. John Pollocks mills – which had been built at much expense, and were large and valuable...Catskill paper.

Spooners Vermont Journal (Windsor, VT) – May 29, 1804

     Hudson, May 15.
The following gentlemen are elected to represent their several districts in the next congress, being 15 republicans and 2 federalists, instead of 12 republicans and 5 federalists, our present delegation.
. . . . .
13. Montgomery and Schoharie, Thomas Sammons
. . . . .

The Evening Post (New York, NY) – July 17, 1805

Advertising for the benefit of the act of the Legislature of this state


     Samuel Sloan, of Cobuskill, Schoharie county; creditors to shew cause August 19, at Judge Thompson's in Albany.


The Democrat (Boston, MA) – September 28, 1805

William Eaton, the IVth or Modern Africanus

     This American General, who lately led the army from Egypt through the deserts of Africa, against Tripoli, is about 44 years of age, of middling stature, and dark complexion. He is by nature and by education, a Soldier; Has a countenance bold and undaunted; a constitution robust and confirmed by exercises and fatigues, and courage of that determined and invincible kind, which, even amongst Americans, or republicans of any age pr clime, would be esteemed extraordinary. He was born at Ashford, in Connecticut – in 1776, at the age of 15, he enrolled his name among the soldiers of freedom, and served during the revolution under the famous Captain Dana, (now a Brigadier-General in the county of Schoharie, in the State of New-York) and under this brave and experienced veteran, General Eaton learned the use of valor and the art of war. At the dawn of peace he applied himself to study, to pursue and explore those grand objects which the force and futility of his untutored genius presented imperfectly to his eager view, which he knew could be comprehended, attained or enjoyed, but with the aid of education, the lucubrations of seven years, acquired Mr. Eaton the diploma of Bachelor of Arts, at Dartmouth College, in New Hampshire, in 1790. Our scholar now put off the gown, and returned to the camp with a commission of Captain. He fought under St. Clair, at the battle of Miama, and proved his accomplishments and courage worthy of distinction. Captain Eaton was sent by President Washington, as consul to Tunis, on the coast of Barbary, in Africa, where, during their menacing attitudes and insolent pretensions in 1801, the consul supported the dignity and interest of the American nation, and held amidst a despotic court, a language not heard on those degenerated shores since the fall of Cato and the Roman republic.* When a rupture with Tripoli was inevitable, the consul suggested a cooperation with Sadi Hamen Caramanli, the late Bashaw of Tripoli, who had been dethroned and expelled by his brother, the present Bashaw; He negociated to this effect with the Ex-Bashaw, and returned to the United States, where, after having matured his plan and affected his arrangements, with the sanction of government and the benedictions of his country, he departed in July, 1804, from Washington, in the American squadron destined to humble Tripoli and liberate our fellow citizens holden there in slavery, or to enforce the ancient Roman threat, “Delanda est Carthage.” He landed at Alexandria, in Egypt, in December last, and collecting a small army with the assistance of the Ex-Bashaw, then there, accompanied by a few volunteer American officers, led his little band along the coast of the Mediterranean sea, through the desert of Barcla – and astonished Africa, after a repose of 12 centuries, from the time of Belisarious, again beheld a conquerer come to reap her larels and subdue her power upon those fields where Scipios and the Roman legions, against Hannibal and the Carthagenian bands, contended for the empire of the world. – Let Africa beware! America has her legions and her Scipios – but she, no Hannibal, no bands.
     There are some anecdotes related of the General, which discover the loftiness of his mind under various circumstances.
     Soon after his appointment to a captainey in the U. S. army, he paid his addresses to an amiable young widow, (his present wife) who, though admiring the candour of the soldier and the merits of the man, could not grant her hand to his solicitations but upon condition of his leaving the army. Placed thus in the alternative of affection or of fame, the gallant young officer without hestitation which to prefer, to the tender proposition nobly replied, “Madam, I love you much, but I love glory more!” and with a bow retired to the camp. The Scithian, in his very retreat, had launched an affectual arrow; and when our young hero rallied and in due time returned to the charge, the lady surrendered unconditionally.
     In June, 1801, a magazine of the Bashaw of Tripoli took fire, and consumed 500,000 stand of arms, to replace which the insolent pirate demanded tributes of arms from other nations, whom he styled his friends. He observed that he had apportioned them amongst his friends, and required the United States to furnish him with 10,000 stand, and requested consul Eaton to state his demand to the United States. The consul refused. He was required to write officially, in his own name, to the President for the arms, and refused – to draft a letter for the Bashaw, and refused; and he peremptorily refused to condescend to write any thing countenancing or mentioning the demand. It was determined that recourse should be had to manace, force, and every mean of despotism, to bend the firm resolution of the consul, and for this trial he was ordered to appear before the Bashaw. As he passed through the palace of the guards, he understood sufficient of their barbarous dialect ** and their conversation, to learn, that unless he submitted to terms, he was to be assassinated. Between Mr. Eaton, the Bashaw and the prime minister, an interesting and spirited dialogue ensued. The demands were renewed in various forms, but nothing could change or bow the determination and dignity of the American, who demanded his passport immediately, which the minister refused or hesitated to grant. Driven to the last honorable resort, and having apprehension s for the safety of his life from the anger and designs of the minister and Bashaw, who, by a single stamp or nod might have decided his fate – the consul, traversing the room with a quick, firm and open military step, assuming all the imposing majesty of conscious, his countenance terrible as Mars, and his eyes glaring as living coals were sternly fixed on the prime minister, and marked as a certain victim of his desperate fury, and laying his hand upon his sword again demanded his pass. A paleness overran the countenance of the minister, and a tremor seized his frame, too effeminate to withstand the bold language of an American and the awful appearance of an angry veteran, and turning to the Bashaw his master, requested that the American consul might receive his pass – which was instantly done. The consul returning through the streets, heard in all mouths, “the American consul is killed!” But Heaven and his valor had preserved the consul for other destinies.
* The dialogue between the Consul, the Bay of Tripoli, and his prime minister, on the 28th of June, 1801.
** The court language of Tripoli is Italian. The dialect of the army and people, a mixture of Turkish, Morisco and other languages.

Connecticut Gazette (New London, CT) – November 13, 1805

     At Hanover, (Vt.) the 22d October, a violent snow storm was experienced; the snow fell six inches deep. – At Schoharie, (N. Y.) the same day, it fell to the depth of eight inches.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – May 31, 1806

Members of Congress
For the State of New York, elected in 1806

. . . . .

     Schoharie and Montgomery - Peter Swart

. . . . .

The New York Gazette (New York, NY) – September 9, 1806

     Died - …..
     At Schoharie, major Jost Becker …..

The New York Evening Post (New York, NY) – February 17, 1807


     At Schoharie, on Monday, the 9th inst. by the Rev. Frederick H. Quitman, Peter Quackenbush, Esq. to Miss Frederica H. Quitman, of Rhinebeck.

American Mercury (Hartford, CT) – April 23, 1807

Lands for Sale
By Gaius Lyman

     200 acres of land in Cobuskill, Schoharie county, State of New York, lying within thirty-five miles of the city of Albany, and within 25 chains of the great Western Turnpike road, leading by the Albany Glass House. A very great bargain may be had in the whole or in part of the above lands if application is soon made.

Gazette (Portland, ME) – June 13, 1808

     In the county of Schoharie, at a late sheriff’s sale, horses, horned cattle, farming utensils, &c. to the amount of 800 dollars, were sold for fifty-five dollars; and in Montgomery county, upwards of 100 bushels of wheat, seized on execution, were sold for one shilling and nine pence per bushel. We state these two instances among many which we could mention as having recently taken place. They evidence most clearly, if not the “popularity” of Mr. Jefferson’s Embargo, the terrible effects experienced from it by the community.
                                                                                                                                                                                          (Alb. Gaz.)

New York Gazette (New York, NY) – January 14, 1809

                                                         Albany, Jan. 9
     A melancholy affair took place in the eastern part of the town of Schoharie, in the county of Schoharie, on the evening of the 27th of December inst. which terminated in the instant death of one of the parties. A number of people were collected at a store for the purpose of social enjoyment at the Christmas holidays, when one Jacob Garrison, upon some provocation or other, challenged one Gershom Scranton to fight – which from the testimony as taken down at the Coroner’s Inquest, the latter declined. But so it terminated that Garrison, with a single blow of his fist, under the ear of Scranton, killed him instantly – a surgeon instantly attempted to let blood; but without effect, and yesterday a Coroner’s Inquest was holden over the dead body, and found that the deceased came to his death by Wilful Murder, &c. by the said Garrison. Garrison is committed for trial.

American Mercury (Hartford, CT) – October 12, 1809

     Schoharie, (N. Y.) Sept. 23.
     We have to record a most melancholy circumstance which occurred a few days ago in the town of Sharon, in this county.
     A young man, son of widow Austin, in attempting to drive a bull from an enclosure into which he had broken, was obliged to beat the stubborn animal severely before he would quit the field. The next day the young man went to the field to repair the breach in the fence, the bull no sooner saw him than he began to excite the sand with his feet, roar and make toward him; the young man made an effort to drive him back, without effect, the enraged animal with his horns tore his intestines from his body, and then placed himself directly over the mangled victim and viewed him with a kind of indignant satisfaction, as if conscious of past injury and present revenge; nor was it in the power of numbers who came to assist the young man, to stir the brute from his position; the body was taken from under him, and he shot before he could be moved.

National Intelligencer (Washington, DC) – October 10, 1810

Postal Appointments

     Schoharie Bridge, N. Y. Jos. C. Blanchard, vice J. Cleaveland, removed from the place.

New York Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) – August 8, 1811

From the Balance

     Petitioning under the new Insolvent Law.
                              Passed April 2, 1811
     Each List published in the Balance, is composed entirely of new cases - no name being inserted more than once

     Whole number hitherto published, 862.

Petitioner's Names            Counties               Dates of Appearance
Henry Berzea                      Schoharie             5th Sept.
Nicholas Fosbury                Schoharie             21st Sept.....

New Bedford Mercury (New Bedford, MA) – September 27, 1811

Catskill, (N. Y.) Sept 11.
Shocking Catastrophe

     On Friday the 6th inst. the house of Mr. Frink, of Jefferson, Schoharie county, was consumed by fire; four of his children and a daughter of Mr. West of the same place, together with all the furniture, except a bed with an infant on it, were consumed.

New York Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) – October 4, 1811

From the Balance

     Petitioning under the new Insolvent Law.
                              Passed April 3, 1811
     Each List published in the Balance, is composed entirely of new cases - no name being inserted more than once

     Whole number hitherto published, 1516.

Petitioner's Names            Counties               Dates of Appearance
Philip Serviss                     Schoharie             5d Nov

New York Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) – October 4, 1811

From the Balance

     Petitioning under the new Insolvent Law.
                              Passed April 3, 1811
     Each List published in the Balance, is composed entirely of new cases - no name being inserted more than once

     Whole number hitherto published, 1611.

Petitioner's Names            Counties               Dates of Appearance
Isaac Green                        Schoharie             9th Nov
Aaron Lyon                          Schoharie             16th Nov.
John Watkins                      Schoharie              16th Nov.

New York Spectator (New York, NY) – October 26, 1811

Farms for Sale

Two Farms in Bristol, Schoharie County, State of New-York, adjoining property of Peter Ritchmeyer about 30 miles west of Catskill, on the great western Turnpike Road, which passes through them. One of them contains about 215 acres, on which are two small dwelling houses and two barns, and includes wood, plough and pasture land, and about 40 to 50 acres of excellent intervale meadow, which yields a great burden of grass. This farm lies east, immediately adjoining to the farm on which peter Ritchmeyer resides, and keeps a noted Tavern. the other Farm adjoins said Ritchmeyer's property west, contains about 228 acres, and also includes some very valuable intervale meadow land, but is less improved than the other. They will be sold together or separate, either for cash or on a liberal credit, and an indisputable title given. For terms apply to
                       Rich'd R. Lawrence.
                           No. 251 Pearl st. N. York.

Newburyport Herald (Newburyport, MA) – November 15, 1811

French Robbery and Impressments

     In the month of June last, the newspapers mentioned that a Mr. Miles, a merchant of Schoharie who had come to this city on business, was missing; and as he was known to have a pretty large sum of money with him, apprehensions were entertained that he had been robbed, and murdered. Since that time, no tidings have been heard of him, until Friday, when he made his reappearance in this city. What has happened to him will more fully appear from the story told in the following affidavit; -
     Mr. Miles (we are informed) is a man of property, is of fair standing in society, and has a wife and five children living at Schoharie, in this State, to whom the information that he is living, will probably be first communicated by this paper - He took his passage for home in the Steam boat on Saturday afternoon.

                                                                                  City and County of New-York, ss.
     I Benjamin Miles, of Schoharie, in the State of New-York, Merchant, being duly sworn, do depose and say, that being in the city of New-York in the month of June left, on or about the 21st of the same month, I, one evening, on my way from Corlaer's Hook to my place of lodging in Courtlandt Street, stopt at a porter house in Water-Street, it being very warm, to take a glass of porter; and while sitting there, I heard some person remark, that he had seen a black looking schooner a day or two before off Sandy Hook, which he suspected was one of the French privateers hovering on our coast for plunder; on which I observed, I wish they would make me Captain General, and I would fend off Com. Rodgers, or some other Commodore, to bring in every pirate, of whatever nation, that infest our coast. Soon afterwards, the company, consisting of ten or more, left the house; and I, as soon as I finished my porter, took my leave to go home. But I had not proceeded far, before I saw three men standing as if talking together; and, just after I had entered the market house, to go up through Maiden Lane, I received a blow on the head which knocked me down senseless, and the next thing I recollect was that I found myself lying in the bottom of a row boat or sail boat, making, as I perceived, towards the stream in the East River, and, as I then supposed, with the view of throwing me into it. On feeling for my pocket book, which contained upwards of $200 dollars in bank notes, I found it gone, and I then began to expostulate, and begged to be left ashore at any rate. My pocket book they denied all knowledge of, and as to setting me ashore, the only answer was to be still, and I should be well treated. In a few minutes afterwards, they appeared to consult together what to do; but as their conversation was in French, I could not understand it; but they bid me sit upright, and then tied my hands, and tied a handkerchief over my eyes. - After rowing and sailing about three hours, as appeared to me, they came along side of a vessel on which I was put, and confined in the forecastle, my hands being then released. Soon afterwards the vessel appeared to put to sea, but I was kept in the forecastle, where the heat was extreme, for about 20 hours, without meat or drink, at the end of which they gave me some sustenance, after which I was permitted to come on deck, and received tolerable usage. I was told by one who spoke good English, that some of the crew had overheard me in the Porter House when I called them a pack of pirates, and that now they meant to convince me by a short cruise that they were clever fellows. I found her to be a small, sharp built, very fast sailing schooner, mounting 6 guns, but able to mount 16; no name on her stern; but she was called 'La Vengeance,' and was commanded by a Capt. Desha, with 30 men including officers. One of her stanchions was much wounded, and her bottom nearly the color of copper, but not coppered. On board this vessel I was kept until the 15th or 16th of August, during which time she plundered several American vessels, but on her near approach to them I was always sent below and there confined until they parted from them. On the 15th or 16th of August I was sent up in her boat to New-Orleans, she lying several miles below; about 2 o'clock in the morning, I was put ashore totally destitute, and ordered to depart without delay. Being thus menaced, I made the best of my way from that place home by land, working for my living as I travelled, and on the 8th inst. I arrived in this city, after traversing nearly 2000 miles of country.
                                                                                                                                       Benjamin Miles
                                                                                      Sworn this 9th of November, 1811, before me.
                                                                                                                   Benj. Tucker, Public Notary.

Portland Gazette (Portland, ME) – November 25, 1811

Man Stealing

     It appears, by an affidavit in the Evening Post of Saturday, that Mr. Benjamin Miles, merchant, of Schoharie, being in this city in June last, stopt in the evening at a porter house in Waterstreet, where were several men men making remarks about a French privateer on our coast. Mr. Miles remarked, "that if he was capt. general he would send off Commodore Rodgers, or some other Commodore, to bring in every pirate of whatever nation." Soon after Mr. Miles left the house for his lodgings in Courtland street, some of the company having previously gone out; but just after he entered the market, he saw three men talking, and having passed them, he was knocked down senseless - when he recovered, he found himself in a row boat, and expected to have been thrown into the river. On feeling for his pocket-book, containing upwards of 200 dollars in bank notes, found it was missing. The men denied any knowledge of it. He begged to be put on shore. They ordered him to be still, and he would be well treated.
     They then consulted together in French. But soon bound his hands, and tied a handkerchief over his eyes. After rowing about three hours, they reached a vessel, and put him into the forecastle. They soon put to sea, and after 20 hours confinement released him, and was tolerably well used, some of the crew told him they heard his remarks about pirates in the porter house, and they were determined to convince him that they were clever fellows. About the 16th of Aug. Mr. Miles was landed near New-Orleans about 2 in the morning, and was ordered to leave the city immediately. He made the best of his way back by land, and reached this city on the 5th inst. having traveled nearly 2000 miles, working for his living on the road. She was a small sharp schooner, mounting 6 guns, called La Vengeance commanded by capt. Desha, and had 30 men. She plundered several vessels on the cruise, but Mr. Miles was always put below while they were robbing the vessels they fell in with.
     It will be here proper to observe, that he is of the most unexceptionable character, and is possessed of a handsome property above his debts; so that there is not the shadow of doubt but the above facts are correct.

Centinel of Freedom (Newark, NJ) – December 10, 1811

Daring Villany

     A gang of French privateersmen robbed Mr. Benjamin Miles, of Schoharie, in this state, in June last, of $2200, knocked him down in Fly-market, tied, and carried him on board the privateer La Vengeance, which put to sea immediately on a cruize. On the 15th or 16th of August they put him on shore at New-Orleans without money, from whence he travelled home a distance of 2000 miles on foot. The cause assigned by the villains for this atrocious conduct was that some of the crew had overheard him call them a pack of pirates in a porter house. Such is the substance of Mr. Miles' affidavit.
     Who is there so callous to the feelings of humanity as not to sympathise in this man's suffering and feel indignant at the ruffians who caused them? None. What then should be our sympathies to the five thousand of our fellow citizens who have not only been robbed of their money but of their liberty; and who may sigh out many a year in bitter misery, ere they will be permitted the consolling pleasure of rencounting, in their native land, like Miles, the long and melancholy tale of their bondage, their perils and their sufferings.

Northern Whig (Hudson, NY) – December 23, 1811

Editor's Closet

     Mr. Miles once more - The printer of DeWitt Clinton's Columbian, offers the editor of this paper $150 to produce evidence, other than that of Mr. Miles himself, that he (Miles) ever was kidnapped as he states, or that he has been at sea at all within twelve months past. To draw testimony of this fact from the privateer on board of which Mr. Miles was confined, (admitting even that he did not dispute miles' testimony) this printer to the Clintonian family, knows to be next to impossible: but we have little doubt but that Mr. Miles will himself satisfy editor Holt on this head, if he will have a little patience. His $150 he had better lay up against a wet day.
     The disaster which attended the attempt of the democrats of the city of New-York, to meet the affidavit of Mr. Miles with another one, has not a little contributed to increase their spleen and malice against Mr. Miles. We will briefly recite the occurrence. Immediately after the appearance of Mr. Miles' affidavit, the democrats fearing that it would have some influence on the public mind, picked up on some of the wharves of that city, a common sailor of the name Aiken, who could neither read nor write, & induced him by money or promises, we are to suppose, to make affidavit before a magistrate, that he was on board of the Little Belt at the time of the action with the President, and to testify to a variety of particulars as taking place on board during and after the action, calculated in a particular manner to excite the indignation of our citizens. This affidavit was designed by the democrats as a off set to Mr. Miles'. the editor of the Evening Post suspecting the whole to be a fabrication, was at the trouble to sift the business; when he provided by the most respectable testimony, that this identical Aiken, whom the democrats had suborned to swear for them, was in England at the time of the action with the Little Belt. Upon this business being enquired into, the democrats to save themselves from being arraigned as criminals, for suborning a man to swear falsely, had their perjured seaman conveyed out of the way, and he has not since been seen or heard of.

     If Mr. Miles has sworn falsely, it is much easier to prove it, than it is, if he has not, to corroborate his testimony. In the latter case, recourse must be had to those who saw him on board of the privateer; in the other - if he has not been at sea, he must have been in the country some where; and the notoriety which the matter has obtained, must in that case render detection easy. Indeed the Columbian printer himself, a few weeks since, told his readers, that the editors of the Boston Gazette possessed the facts necessary to condemn Mr. Miles; and if they did not devulge them, that the editor of the Boston Chronicle, who possessed the means, would compell them to do it. Week after week has elapsed, and no exposure of these facts. The public therefore have a right to conclude, that the pretence of their existence, like the affidavit of Aiken, is also a fabrication, and of a piece with the story, which Charley told his readers about the same time of his publishing the preceeding, and that he had received a communication from a person who was a passenger in the steam-boat with Mr. Miles from New-York, when on his way home, giving the particulars of his extraordinary conduct on board; but which editor Charley, for particular reasons, declined publishing. here it is very evident, that editor Chearly relied more upon the credulity of his readers, to influence their minds by his insinuation, than he could upon the exhibition of any facts he possessed. It happens unfortunately, for Master Charley's communication, that there were several gentlemen from this place and neighborhood, who were passengers with Mr. Miles also; and who know Charles Holt as well as they do Mr. Miles, and one as well as the other; but who saw nothing extraordinary in the conduct of Mr. Miles. or any thing that could render him obnoxious in the eyes of democracy, except that he appeared the man of intelligence and a gentleman.
     The only circumstance which has transpired, that in any way discredits the testimony of Mr. Miles, is that the vessel (La Vengeance) which he states to have been kidnapped on board, and to have landed him in August at New-Orleans, was then lying in the river below Savannah, where she was lately burnt. This however goes no length whatever, to destroy the credibility of Mr. Miles’ story; for nothing easier is to be conceived, than for the privateersmen to conceal from Mr. Miles the true names of the vessel and captain; indeed, a moments reflection shows the absurdity of supposing, that they gave him any correct information whatever on this subject.
     Should there however appear any clear and positive evidence, that Mr. Miles has practiced and imposition upon the community, we will be the last to screen him public execration and disgrace; but until that appears to be the fact, his fellow-citizens are bound to respect his testimony, in contempt of every insinuation to his prejudice, by the printers of papers in the influence of Bonaparte.
     Since preparing the above article, the following letter from Mr. Miles to Charles Holt, printer of the Columbian, has come to hand, in reply to Holt’s, enquiry of Mr. Miles, what route he traveled from New-Orleans home?
     “TO CHARLES HOLT, &c.
     “Sir – Our cause being now at issue, let us proceed to business as fast as possible. In your last communication you mention St. Lewis, Montreal, Passamaquaddy and Jacks Boots, all of them places and things with which I am unacquainted. As to Dismal Swamp, I was just going to apply to you for information concerning that place; for if the history of your life is written correct, you must have been there several times, and a Dollar to a Cent is bet that you will soon be there again. As to my rout from New-Orleans, you shall now be informed in part and the rest hereafter. I came by way of Baton-Rouge, Fort Adams, and so on to Natches, at the latter I turned considerably to the right and passed on to Washington, Sulters Town, Union Town, Byo Pear, Big [Indian] Town, Bear Creek Ferry, Tennessee River, and so on to Nashville in Tennessee; distant from New-Orleans about eight hundred miles. And now sir, as this place affords a very good Tavern, kept by a Mr. Childers, and as you have been pleased in your last epistle to allow me to possess plenty of cash, I shall remain with Mr. Childers until I hear from you again; the reason of which shall now be explained. From Nashville two routes may be taken to this place, the one leading through Kentucky, Ohio, and so on to Pittsburgh; the other traverses the State of Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland, &c. the distance of each is supposed to be nearly the same. And I wait to have your opinion which road I ought to have taken, and should have happened to have been so fortunate as to have taken the road you would have made choice of, I hope your mind will be at ease on this subject. As to the strange occurrence you mention in New-York, “that business or inclination should induce me to pass from Water Street to Front Street, down Burling Slip, and arrive at the lower end of Fly market,” it is to be sure strange; quite remarkable; but strange events are continually happening now a days. It is a strange thing that a republican editor of a newspaper should publicly advocate the cause of a gang of robbers because they happened to be Frenchmen; for in former days he would have been suspected of being one of the party of such conduct. It is a strange thing that a man of Charles Holt’s transcendent abilities should fill the columns of his news-paper with such flimsy stuff as they generally contain; and what is more strange, is, that an enlightened community should swallow such matter for good sound republicanism. However, you must not sleep at your post, for since the late murders have been committed at Savannah, the cause of your French friends has suffered very much by means of your neglect.
                                                                              I am Sir, yours, &c.
                                                                                         Benjamin Miles.
     Schoharie, December 6, 1811.

Orange County Patriot (Goshen, NY) – December 24, 1811

Savannah, Nov. 23,
     In our last we published a statement from a New-York paper, of the 12th inst accompanied by an affidavit, respecting the kidnapping and robbery of Mr. Miles, a native of Schoharie (N. Y.) It appears that La Vengeance arrived here on the 6th of July last, and has remained in this place ever since; therefore, La Vengeance could not have been the privateer that kidnapped and robbed Mr. Miles; for he states, in his affidavit, that he was detained on board of her until the 15th or 16th of August, and sent up to New-Orleans, whilst the privateer was lying several miles below. Furthermore, at the period above alluded to (15th or 16th of August) she was not commanded by Capt. Desha, but by Capt. Lomine, who brought her in here.

New York Herald (New York, NY) – January 8, 1812

From the Schoharie True American
Worse and Worse

     To Solomon Southwick, Printer to the State.
     Our Schoharie Frenchmen were only for bringing Libel Suits against me for “slandering” French Pirates; but you seem to be for sending me to the State-prison for perjury. I much approve of your plan, as that would dispatch the business at once. You also, state that I called on the Governor of this state to request his interference in my behalf with the Governor of Georgia, and demand the surrender of these men mentioned in my affidavit, if there; and that the governor had cominated me as his agent to go to Savannah and receive them, and that I refused. In this you are correct: I did refuse, and my excuse was this; that I had been absent from my business for five months, which had suffered much by that means, and what was still worse, was, that my health was so far destroyed by fatigue and hardship, that I felt very incompetent to the task of undertaking a journey of more than 1,200 miles in winter, which in all probability would have put a period to my existence; I of course was excused. As to your statement that I had invited a friend to attend me on an excursion down the Ohio River (unless in a jocular way) is palpably false – and I believe a lie of your own fabrication. If not I offer you Fifty Dollars to produce a person or respectability that will testify to that circumstance; for I certainly had as little inclination to visit the Ohio River as you have to tell the truth. I hope if your perjury suit succeeds, the libel suit will be dropped, as my accusations against Frenchmen do not sound so harsh in their language as it does in English. Murder would only be called by them de honorable de satisfaction, theft would only be called de sequestration, and Piracy and Robbery de plucking de Goose.
     With due respect I am sir, yours,
                                              Benjamin Miles.
     Schoharie, 27th December 1811

Public Advertiser (New York, NY) – February 8, 1812

     Schoharie - A few individuals in the county of Schoharie have met at Hager's Tavern, and declared that De Witt Clinton is the regular candidate for the Presidency - that, "Like the immortal Washington, the eye of anxious solicitude is fixed upon him for a deliverance from that state of degradation to which we must either submit [French influence] or emancipate ourselves by the valor which prompted our ancestors, of right ought, and we trust will, receive the warm and decided support of the next presidential electors."
-[What wretched stuff! It is the ground and patch-work of miserable bunglers, who will, and "of right ought," to be execrated by De Witt Clinton himself! The bare faced flattery of his parasites will be his ruin in the end, which has now assumed " a form and pressure."]

Northern Whig (Hudson, NY) – February 10, 1812

In Chancery

     Abraham Carle vs. Peter S. Sagendorph and Giles Kellogg – In pursuance of a decretal order of the Court of Chancery of the state of New-York, will be sold under the direction of the subscriber, at public auction, at the Court-House in the City of Hudson, in the county of Columbia, on the first Monday of March next, at 10 o’clock in the forenoon, All that certain tract, lot or parcel of land, situate, lying and being in the limits of the town of Cobleskill, lot number Three in Bouck’s patent, which said lot number Three takes its beginning on the north corner of lot number Two at the Cobleskill, and runs thence south, thirty degrees and thirty minutes east upon a road or highway that leads from Schoharie to Cobleskill, and runs easterly along said road, as said road winds and turns, measured on a course north eighty one degrees, east five chains and thirty-nine links, then north eighty-eight degrees, east six chains and thirty links to the easterly half of lot number Three to a certain hemlock tree, marked on four sides, standing on the south side of the aforesaid road, and from thence runs along the easterly half of lot number Three as it winds and turns, thence north thirteen degrees and thirty minutes west to the Cobleskill, thence up the stream to the place of beginning: Containing forty acres of land, be the same more or less, together with all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging. The terms of payment will be made known at the time of sale.
                                                                                                                  Jos. D. Monell,
                                                                                                                         Master in Chancery \
     Nov. 7, 1811

Chenango Weekly Advertiser (Norwich, NY) – February 14, 1812

     Whereas Charles Merritt, of the town of Norwich, in the county of Chenango, by indenture, bearing date the 10th day of March, 1806, for securing the payment of seven hundred and seventy four dollars, and the interest , did grant, bargain, sell, release, enfeoff and confirm unto Benjamin Hartwell, of the town of Bristol, (now Broome) in the county of Schoharie, all that certain piece of land situated in the town of Norwich aforesaid, being a part of lot number thirty-eight in the tenth township, being one of twenty towns, and begins at the stake standing on the east bank of the Chenango river, sixteen chains and fifty links from the north-east corner of the said lot number thirty-eight, in a line drawn south forty-two degrees west, from said corner; thence south fifteen degrees west, twelve chains eighty-five links to a stake and heap of stones; thence north seventy-five degrees west nine chains; thence north sixty three degrees thirty minutes west, one chain seventy-five links; thence north forty-eight degrees east, six chains; thence north six degrees west, one chain and twenty-five links; thence south eighty degrees east, ninety-eight links to the place of beginning, containing five acres and three quarters, be the same more or less. And whereas default has been made in the payment of the aforesaid sum of money secured by the said mortgage: Notice is therefore hereby given, that the said mortgaged premises, in the pursuance of a power contained in the said mortgage, and of the statute in such case made and provided, will be exposed to sale at public vendue, at the now dwelling house of Adijah Dewey, innkeeper in the town of Durham, county of Greene and state of New York, on the last Monday in February next, at ten o’clock in the forenoon, and a conveyance executed to the purchaser.
Dated July 15, 1811.
Benjamin Hartwell
By John Adams, his Att’y.

The Military Monitor (New York City) – May 21, 1812

Events of the War

     On Wednesday the detached quota of militia from Gen. Patchin's brigade in this county, marched from their Rendezvous, at Middleburgh, through this village on their way to Schenectady.
     The whole scene was truly interesting. In the morning the troops assembled in the church at Middleburgh, where the Rev. Mr. Davoe, with a fervor of devotion which such an occasion could not fail to inspire, offered up to heaven, solemn prayers for the protection of the God of battles, and for the crowning of their arms with success, after the close of which he delivered to them a short, but very able, pious and heroic charge, replete with love and true christian piety. The troops having retired to the parade ground to form for marching, a scene still more affecting too place - among the throng of friends who came to take a parting leave, were seen several aged matrons holding their sons by the hand, and giving them their blessings, pointing to the places in sight of the parade, where their fathers and some of their infant brothers and sisters had lost their lives, or had been carried away prisoners in the late revolution, by the troops under Johnson, Brandt, Butler, McDonald, &c. &c. and bidding them show themselves worthy of being their sons and brothers. It was peculiarly interesting to see Mr. Timothy Murphy, that distinguished character, who in the revolution was so great a terror and scourge to the savages, taking leave of his son, an assigned subaltern officer, encouraging the youthful warrior on to deeds of valor, and bidding him to set an example of subordination as well as true heroism, that he should never shrink from any task assigned him, however perilous, for that the great blessings of our freedom were not purchased without much toil and bloodshed. Gen. Patchin and Col. Becker, with some other venerable revolutionary characters, continually walking up and down the ranks in like manner, and by like arguments and exhortations infused a spirit of courage and patriotism as they passed along.
     By this time Major Lawyer, Inspector of Brigade, arrived with the band of music from Cobleskill when Major Efnor, the commandant of the detachment, formed in marching order while the most respectable citizens, headed by the Sheriff Bouck on horseback, the Rev. Mr Davoe, gen. Patchin, col. Becker, maj. Lawyer, and marching on foot, escorted the detachment four miles down to this village, at some distance from which they were met and joined by every citizen in the village, and marched in escort to opposite the Lutheran church, where a general halt was made. The troops here took refreshment, and received some fresh supplies by the voluntary benevolence of some of the inhabitants pf the village, particularly the Rev. Mr. Waukerhagen, threw open his doors and his Lady, Madame Waukerhagen, with her own hands went and distributed among the soldiers, who were invited to a table spread for the purpose, a number of loves of bread, with butter, cheese, and other relishes. Several other ladies also sent out fresh loaves, &c. &c. to the parade ground. Liquors were copiously distributed by the merchants and other gentlemen of the village; and indeed there seem to reign a general spirit of competition who should out-do his neighbor in generous and friendly hospitality on the occasion. During these transactions, five of the detachment who had the evening and morning preceding been confined within the walls of the gaol, on process out of the common pleas, were liberated by six of the most wealthy citizens, jointly executing bonds to the sheriff for their appearance; so that they also were not only liberated from a painful confinement, but were also permitted to go with their fellows to fight the battles of their country.
     Being again paraded, maj. Efnor in behalf of the officers and the detachment, returning acknowledgements &c. &c. took leave – but in marching out of town was accompanied to the line by a number of respectable citizens and the band of music, playing “the soldiers adieu.” While those remaining waved the hat or the hand, with mixed ejaculations for their safety and honorable return, and assuming those who left families and behind that they need feel no anxiety for their comfortable provision.
     It cannot be omitted to remark that the two late parties of Federal and Republican seemed to rush together on this occasion as if by one common impulse, and embrace each other as brothers, and mutual hopes were afterwards expressed that out of the evils of war there may one great good result that is to say, a restoration of harmony and mutual confidence at home. “The die is cast.” Said they and whatever may have been our individual sentiments as to the expediency of the measure before, our swords and our bayonets must now all point one way.
     Schoharie, Sept 2, 1812.

Northern Whig (Hudson, NY) – October 26, 1812

     Mr. Miles of Schoharie. – The reader will recollect, that about a year ago, there were a number of publications in the papers, relative to Mr. Miles’ account of his being kidnapped in the city of New-York, by the crew of a French privateer; and of the abuse which was heaped upon him by the democratic papers, for pretending that they were Frenchmen, who thus robbed and kidnapped him. Among these, Charley Holt, who publishes the Columbian in New York, contrived to make himself considerably conspicuous, for which, Mr Miles called upon Charley to answer to him in a court of justice; and the following article from the Albany Gazette of the 19th inst. Gives us the result of that trial:-
     LIBEL SUIT. – Came on to be tried, on the 7th instant at the Albany Circuit before his honor Mr. Justice Thompson, the cause of Benjamin Miles vs. Charles Holt for a libel published by the defendant, in the Columbian, with some approbatory remarks. The original publication appeared in the Schoharie Herald. Mr. P. Van Vechten opened the cause, and the publication of the libel was admitted; Mr. Foot addressed the Jury on the part of the defendant, and Mr. A. Van Vechten on the part of the plaintiff – His honor the judge gave a clear and impressive charge, and the Jury, after a short consultation found a verdict for the plaintiff of five hundred dollars damages. – Albany Gazette

National Intelligencer (Washington, DC) – November 26, 1812

Washington City
Post-Office Establishment
Changes in October, 1812

     Schoharie Bridge, N. Y. John F. Gasley vice John C. Blanchard, resigned. 

Public Advertiser (New York, NY) - January 8, 1813

Patriotic Donations By the Young Ladies of Blenheim

                    Albany, Dec. 26, 1812.
     Dear Sir - One hundred and thirty-two mittens and some socks, which you sent to me, as a complement from certain young ladies of Blenheim, in Schoharie county to the militia of that county in actual service, were duly received, and have been forwarded to them.
     In behalf of the worthy objects of their munificience, I present to those amiable young ladies the most sincere and grateful acknowledgements. A generous sympathy for the wants and distresses of our fellow creatures, is one of the principal cements of civilized and refined society, and is the most brilliant embellishment of the female character. The young ladies of Blenheim have, in this instance, exhibited a noble display of sensibility and attachment to their country, worthy of general imitation; which whilst it entitles them to universal approbation, cannot fail to inspire the bosoms of the patriotic and brave militia of Schoharie with the most respectful and tender regard. I am dear sir, with great respect, your obedient servant.
                     Daniel D. Tompkins.
The Hon. Henry Hager 

The War (New York, NY) - June 1, 1813

                    Burlington, Vt. May 20.
     Arrived in town, last evening, Dr. Samuel McKeenan, from Montreal, who was seized while bearing a flag of truce from gen. Harrison, to col. Proctor. He has been confined in the cells of Montreal jail for thirty-three days, (eight or ten feet beneath the surface of the earth) destitute of the necessities and comforts of life.
     He has left confined in that prison 13 of our unfortunate Americans, whose hard lot it has been to fall into their hands as prisoners of war, wiz.: George H. Rogers, of the U. S. army; Wm. Hollenbeck, Onis Hooker, Philester Jones, Henry Jones, Lewis Minor, Zelissa Conkey and Pliney Conkey, of Canton, N. Y.; Seth Barns, of Cambden, N. Y.; Jared Withrell, and John Campbell, of Schoharie; Major Watson, of Ogdensburgh, N. Y.; and Alexander McGregson, of Ballstown, N. Y. 

The War (New York, NY) - December 7, 1813

Barbarities of the Enemy

[The following is the only remaining document of any note that has not been published in this paper, except the depositions of those persons who lost their property during the plundering and burning expeditions of admiral Cockburn in the Chesapeake; and these facts are so well established by other authentic documents as to render the publication of the deposition of each individual sufferer unnecessary.]

Narrative of Dr. McKeehan

     On the 13th of January last, I was ordered by gen. Harrison to proceed to the river Raisin, with a flag of truce, and from thence to Malden, if not stopped by the Indians. We arrived at the foot of the Rapids of Miami at dark, and not finding a company of rangers as expected, we encamped in a cave, the horse and cariole before the door, and the flag standing by them. About midnight the Indians fired in upon us, killed Mr. Lamont, wounded myself in the foot, and made us prisoners. After dispatching Mr. Lamont with the tomahawk, scalping and stripping him, they seized my horse, harness, great coat, blankets, and other clothing, and 100 dollars in gold, which the general had sent to procure necessaries for the wounded of general Winchester's army.
     That night I was made to walk more than 20 miles, to where capt. Elliot was stationed with a party of Indians. The captain treated me politely, and sent me to col. Proctor. I was scarcely seated before the colonel began to exclaim against gen. Harrison; said he had been used to fight Indians and not British, found fault with my instructions, and said the flag was only a pretext to cover a bad design. I rebutted his insinuations with indignation, which I believe has been the cause of all my troubles since. I was not recognised in my official character until the 5th February, when I was informed by Proctor's aid, that I should attend on the wounded with Dr. Bower, and that I would be sent to the United States, but by a different route from that which I came. Dr, Bower in a few days was sent home and I detained.
     On the 2d of March I was arrested by order of col. Proctor, and accused of carrying on a private correspondence. On the 8th, without having any trial, ordered to Montreal, and hurried on from Fort George, night and day, although thinly clothed and the weather very cold. From Kingston to Prescott, I was made to eat with the officer's servants. This course of torture being finished on the 28th, when I arrived at Montreal, and without being asked any questions or suffered to ask any myself, I was put into the dungeon, eight or ten feet below the surface of the ground, where I had neither bed nor bedding, chair, bench or stool; denied pen, ink or paper, or even the use of a book, for two weeks. The only current of air that passed through my apartment, came through the bowels of the privy! Here I was kept 33 days, when I was to my great joy put up with the American prisoners, and with them permitted to remain till last Monday, when I was liberated by the intercession of lieut. Dudey, of the navy. Col. Baynes, aid to the governor, told me the outrage which had been committed on my person was contrary to his orders.
     I left 14 American prisoners in jail. viz. George H Rodgers, U. States's army: Wm Hollenbeck, Onis Hooker, Philaster Jones, Harry Jones, Lewis Minor, Zebina Conkey, Phiny Conkey, Canton; Seth Barnes, Camden; Jared Witheril, John Campbell, Schoharie; major Watson, Ogdensburg; Alexander McGregor, Balston; who were kept in close confinement, notwithstanding col. Lethbridge and major Shackleton had pledged their words to captain Conkey before he left Montreal for Quebec, that they should have the liberty of the town during the day. But the captain was scarcely gone, when the pledge was either forgotten or disregarded. The prisoners now are not permitted to procure such things as their small stock of money would provide. Sometimes they are half a day without wood; and if they complain they are cursed and abused by the jailer, and told they are only allowed a quart of water in the day. I am requested to represent their situation to gen. Dearborn, which I intend to do as soon as I arrived at Sacket's Harbor.
     This is a sketch of the indignities I have had to put up with since the last of January. I am yours, &c.
                                                                      Samuel McKeehan,
                              Surgeon's mate 2d regiment Ohio militia.
     Albany, May 24th, 1813

Northern Whig (Hudson, NY) – February 22, 1814

A Valuable Farm, For Sale, in Middleburgh, Schoharie co.

     For sale on reasonable terms, a valuable farm situate 50 rods from the Schoharie Turnpike in the town of Middleburgh, county of Schoharie, and lately in the occupancy of Henry Foland, deceased, containing one hundred acres, 20 acres of which is good meadow and 50 plow and pasture land, the whole well watered. There is on the farm a good frame house with suitable accommodations and a log barn, a bearing Orchard of about 70 apple trees, and an abundance of oak and pine timber, and wood for fuel. For terms enquire of Perer C. Cooper, in Middleburgh, or of the subscribers in the town of Kinderhook. The title to be given is unquestionable.
                                                                                                                                                        Martin Cooper
                                                                                                                                                        John M. Cooper
     Kinderhook, Feb. 22, 1814

New York Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) - March 28, 1814

                                Sharon, Schoharie Co. March 15
     Melancholy Accident - On Saturday the 12th inst. Peter Beekman, a son pf the Hon. William Beekman, of this town, was found dead under the body of a tree. It appears, from circumstances, that in felling a tree, the deceased had run for protection to another tree near at hand, and the tree which he had cut down, in its fall brought down the tree to which he had fled, and awful to relate, crushed him instantly to death. On Monday the 14th inst. his remains were decently intered, when a very solemn and impressive funeral discourse was delivered, to a very numerous assemblage of mourners and citizens, by the Rev. Isaac Labage, from Amos iv, 12 - "Prepare to meet thy God," O! how uncertain is the life of man.

Ohio Register (Clinton, OH) - May 3, 1814

A simple and effectual method of preventing the destruction of sheep by wolves.

     Communicated to the society for the promotion of useful arts, in the state of New York, by Mr. L'Homedieu, vice-president of the society.
     Mr. Walter Briggs, a respectable farmer in Schoharie who keeps a large number of sheep, informs me that he loses none of them to wolves, which are plenty in that part of the country, and cannot be driven off or destroyed except by traps. He makes an ointment composed of gun-powder and brimstone powdered fine, and mixed with tar and gurry, or currier's oil. With this he anoints the under part of the throat of the sheep. It must be renewed as often as the ointment becomes dry, or loses its moisture, which will be four or five times in a season. he says that he has lost no sheep since he has been in this practice, and has often seen the wolves' tracks among the sheep tracks in the fields. He had a parcel of sheep which had been out a number of weeks, and no care taken of them, except their necks being anointed with this ointment, when he was informed by his neighbor that the sheep were at his house, and that early on Sunday morning they came running into his dorr yard; he looked out of the window and saw a wolf among them, who ran from one sheep to another, and jumped upon them, but did not offer to bite any of them. The sheep were brought home, and none of them injured by the wolf.

Poulson's American Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia, PA) - May 29, 1815

     Died, at Schoharie, (New York) an infant son of Dr. Amos G. Hull. Mrs. Hill, the mother of the infant, was on a visit to Connecticut. She had put the child in bed and retired from the room a short time, leaving a candle burning in it. Fire was soon very unaccountably communicated to the bed clothes, and the infant so burnt, before the accident was discovered, that it died about ten hours after.

The Western Monitor (Lexington, KY) - February 23, 1816

                                                                       Albany, Jan. 29.
     The following shocking event happened in this place on the 15th of this inst. The wife of Mr. Peter Craver, an inhabitant of this town, in a fit of the falling sickness, as is supposed, to which she had long been subject, fell on the fire in her own house, being left alone, and was burnt to death! Mr. Craver was absent from home - he had left his youngest son a boy ten years old, with his wife; who it appears built up a considerable fire and then went out into the woods, not far distant from the house, to pick up more wood, leaving his mother alone, in her usual state of health. having stayed some time, he returned, and shocking to relate, he found his mother lying upon the fire burnt to death, and the room full of smoke. After dragging the burning body of his mother back upon the floor, he ran with the frightful tidings to the nearest neighbors, who, with the husband, and several other children, soon arrived to behold the melancholy scene. More than a usual portion of affliction seems to have been the lot of this unfortunate woman. Some years since, she had an arm amputated in consequence of falling into the fire in one of her fits, and had at several other times been severely burnt in like manner. But her trials are at an end - in death she has found repose.
                                       Schoharie Jan. 18th, 1816

The Rutland Herald (Rutland, VT) - May 8, 1816

Mortuary Notice

     In Schoharie, N. Y. Capt Thomas Machin, member of the order of Cincinnati, Aet. 72. He was a British officer at the battle of Minden, and an American officer during the whole revolutionary war. The chain across the Hudson, at West Point, was constructed under his direction, and he had the honor of being wounded in the defence of Bunker Hill, and served in the defence of Fort Montgomery.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) - July 18, 1816

For Knapping Woollen Cloth

     The subscribers have invented and put into operation, (and for which they have procured a Patent) a Machine for Knapping Woollen Cloth, which they venture to say exceeds any thing for the same purpose ever before invented or used; it knaps very expeditiously, and the Teasels are easily kept clean by the use of a brush. The expence of the Machine is moderate - one set of good Teasels will knap many thousand yards, and the whole is easily kept in order. They subjoin the certificates of a few persons, who have used them during the last season. Patent Rights for Counties, Towns or single Factories will be sold on reasonable terms, on application to either Daniel Merwin, jun. Hudson, or Horace Kellogg, in Claverack, where one of the Machines may be seen in full operation; and in Pittsfield, at Root and Willts's Honsatonuck Manufactory.
                                                                                                                        Merwin & Kellogg
     May 20, 1816
     Henry Willey, Clothier, at the Manufactory of Seth G. Macy, in the city of Hudson, certifies that he has used one of the Machines since the first day of May last until the first day of September - has knapped upwards of five thousand yards of cloth, and can work off with ease and safety about six yards per minute. the only set of Teasels used are about two0thirds worn.
     George Flower, Clothier, at Durham, in the County of Greene, certifies that he has had in operation one of the Machines the last season, which works with greater ease, expedition and safety than he could have believed possible, and the whole is durable and easily kept in repair.
     A. Croswell, of Blenheim, in the County of Schoharie, certifies that he has had one of the Machines in operation about three months, that it exceeds his expectations, knapping in one day as much as two men will do in a week, and equally as well or better - that the Teasels are durable, and the whole machine easily kept in repair. In his opinion is is a very useful and valuable invention.

New Bedford Mercury (New Bedford, MA) - September 6, 1816

Cattskill, Aug. 28
Shocking Accident

     We have the following particulars from a gentleman from Middleburgh, Schoharie county; - A gentleman and lady, unknown, travelling in a chaise from some part of the western district to Kingston, N. Y. the horse became frightened, near Middleburgh, and the lady in attempting to jump out, was unfortunately killed on the spot, the gentleman severely wounded, and the horse, after running a short distance, fell and expired. The accident occurred on the 11th inst.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) - November 20, 1816

New-York Electors of President and Vice-President
Republican Ticket

. . . . .

Henry Becker, of the county of Schoharie. . . . .

Northern Whig (Hudson, NY) – December 3, 1816

Deyo’s Hotel

     The subscriber respectfully informs his old friends and the public that he has removed from his former stand in Kinderhook, and has now opened a
     House for Public Entertainment, at the State Bridge, (Esperance Village, Schoharie County, 26 miles west of Albany) – the house formerly kept be Calvin Wright, where he solicits the patronage of the public.
     The establishment has recently been fitted up in a handsome style, and the subscriber pledges himself that he will use his utmost endeavors to give complete satisfaction to those who may feel disposed to favour him with their custom. His liquors will be selected with the greatest care, and everything that the country affords for the convenience and entertainment of Genteel Company and Travellers, will be furnished.
                                                                                                                     Nathan Deyo,
                                                                                                       Good accommodations for horses and teams
     November 19, 1816

Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) - February 4, 1817

List of Insolvents

Schoharie County - Before William Beekman, first Judge, of Schoharie
     William Haines, of Jefferson,                     March 22

Boston Weekly Messenger (Boston, MA) - August 21, 1817

     Albany, Aug. 14 - The Freshet. - We had a great fall of rain on Saturday last, which raised the water in many of the streams above their banks. In Otsego and Schoharie the rain was most severe, and much damage was sustained by the destruction of milldams and of crops on the intervales. The Hudson was filled to the top of its banks.
     The waters had hardly began to subside in the lesser streams, and had not ceased to rise in the Hudson, when, at eight o'clock on Monday evening, it commenced raining again, and continued with great violence and very little intermission, for 16 hours. The effect was, that all the flats and Islands upon the Hudson, the Mohawk, and their tributary streams, were completely inundated. The luxuriant crops of grain, grass, &c. which were upon these fertile lands, have been greatly injured or utterly destroyed. - The rye had been principally harvested; but immense quantities of wheat, grass, flax, oats, &c. were ruined by this afflicting providence. The damage is incalculable. Those who know the extent of the intervales upon the Hudson, the Mohawk, Schoharie, Kill, Battenkill, Hoosick river, &c. ,ay form an imperfect idea of the wide spread devastation. One farmer in Montgomery, we are told, had 100 acres of the finest wheat completely ruined. The Mohawk river is said to have been higher than at any time during the last eight years. The Hudson was not so high by three feet as in 1814, though the water came into the lower stories of all the buildings in Quay-street, and into most of the cellars in South Market street. Several industrious citizens, who have spent the season in cultivating gardens opposite and below this city, have suffered severely, for they have lost nearly their all. We have as yet learnt very few particulars from the country. The water began to fall at 4 o'clock on Wednesday afternoon, and last evening was principally confined within the banks of the river.

Boston Intelligencer (Boston, MA) - October 4, 1817

     Execution. - Abraham Kesler, convicted at the late term of the Supreme court for Schoharie county, of the murder of his wife Caty, by poison, was sentenced to be executed at Schoharie on the third Friday of Oct. inst.

New York Daily Advertiser (New York, NY) – October 13, 1817

625 Dollars Reward

     Deserted from a detachment of recruits belonging to the ride regiment, on their march from Greenbush Cantonment, state of New-York, to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania –
     Horace Phelps, aged 21 years, 5 feet 7 inches high, light complexion, grey eyes brown hair, born in Broome, county of Schoharie, New-York, and by profession a shoemaker.

Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) - October 22, 1817

       From the Albany Argus of Friday.
   We understand his excellency the governor has suspended the execution of Abraham Kesler, sentenced to be executed in the county of Schoharie, on Friday last, for the murder of his wife, by administering to her white arsenic.
       The reasons foe suspending the sentence, are understood to be the existence of strong and well founded doubts, whether the white substance discovered in the stomach of the deceased, was arsenic or not. A chemical professor of high acquirements, on investigating the testimony given at the trial, has expressed a decided opinion that the tests made use of are unsatisfactory, and that it was left doubtful whether the indications were those of arsenic or not.
     If this fact be doubtful, we understand there was no evidence to warrant a conviction.
     The whole case will be submitted to the Legislature, when a more thorough investigation as to the main fact whether there was arsenic in the stomach of the deceased, or not, will take place, and on this the fate of the prisoner will depend.

Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) - October 25, 1817

List of Insolvents Continued

Schoharie County - Before William Beekman, Esq at Sharon.
Abel Pierce                                                                                         Jan 7

Carolina Federal Republican (New Bern, NC) - November 15, 1817

     From the Albany Register; Oct. 21.
     The Case of Abraham Kesler

     The detailed in the following, are highly interesting. The information is derived from a source which may be relied on. On trials of this nature, too much caution cannot be observed in weighing the testimony which is to decide the fate of a fellow being. - At the late court of oyer and terminer, held in and for Schoharie county, Kesler was sentenced to be executed on the 17th inst for the murder of his wife. We think his case exhibits some extraordinary features.
     It appears that Kesler's wife fell sick on the road from home; that he administered some medicines to her which he said he had procured from a neighboring physician; and that, after languishing some days, she died and was buried. Two months after her decease, her body was disinterred and examined by some eminent physicians; and their opinion being unfavorable to Kesler, he was apprehended, tried and convicted, - they agreeing in sentiment that arsenic had been administered to her - a full and detailed report of the case was made to the governor by the judge who presided at the trial. The governor transmitted this report to the distinguished professor of chemistry in the university, and requested his opinion on the scientific parts of the testimony. In consequence of this request, a long and learned communication was made, declaring, in substance, that the only infallible experiments to detect the existence of arsenic, had not been adopted by the physicians, and that the test applied were in no respect conclusive.
     In addition to this, the foreman of the jury who found Kesler guilty, made a representation to the governor, stating that the jury deliberated three hours before they convicted Kesler, and that they acted under an impression that his case would be reviewed by the Legislature.
     A similar case has recently occurred in Great Britain, wherein Mr. Braude, of the Royal institution, testified against the sufficiency of a test adopted to detect poison and which had been used on this occasion.
     It was also understood that Kesler, without any hope or expectation of relief, has uniformly asserted his innocence.
     In order then that this subject may have full examination, and that the scientific part of the testimony may be fully elucidated & distinctly understood for the government of our courts and juries in analogous cases, the governor has, with the advice of some of the most eminent Jurist, considered it proper to suspend the execution of Kesler until the meeting of the Legislature.

Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) - December 18, 1817

List of Insolvents Continued

Schoharie County - Before William Beekman, Esq at Sharon.
John Goodrich                                                                                         Jan 31

Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) - March 17, 1818

List of Insolvents Continued

Schoharie County - Before William Beekman, Esq at Sharon.
Henry P. Almy, of Broome                                                                    April 18

The National Advocate (New York, NY) – March 26, 1818

     Notice is hereby given to the creditors of Henry Vanderpool and John Hatch, late of the town and county of Schoharie, absconding debtors, that they are required to attend at the dwelling house of Calvin Wright, in said town, on Tuesday, the twenty-eighth day of April next, at ten o’clock in the forenoon, for the purpose of making a dividend of the avails of the estate of the said Vanderpool and Hatch, and receiving their respective properties thereof. Dated February 16, 1818.
          Peter Boyd
          John Cumming, &
          Saml. M. Lockwood, Trustees.

Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, D. C.) - June 2, 1818

Dr. M'Keehan'sa Narrative

     On the 31st of January last, I was ordered by General Harrison to proceed to the River Raisin, with a flag of truce, and from thence to Malden, if not stopped by the Indians. We arrived at the foot of the rapids of the Miami at dark, and not finding a company of Rangers as expected, we encamped in a cave, the horse and cariole before the door, and the flag standing by them. About midnight, the Indians fired in upon us, killed Mr. Lemont, wounded myself in the foot, and made us prisoners. After dispatching Mr. Lemont with the tomahawk, scalping and stripping him, they seized my horse, harness, great-coat, blankets, and other clothing, and one hundred dollars in gold, which the General had sent to procure necessaries for the wounded of General Winchester's army.
     That night I was made to walk more than 20 miles, to where Captain Elliot was stationed with a party of Indians. The Captain treated me politely, and sent me to Colonel Proctor. I was scarcely seated before the Colonel began to exclaim General Harrison, said he had been used to fight Indians and not British: found fault with my instructions, and said the flag was only a pretext to cover a bad design. I rebutted his insinuations with indignation, which I believe has been the cause of all my troubles since. I was not recognized in my official character until the 5th February, when I was informed by Proctor’s aid, that I should attend on the wounded with Dr. Bower, and that I would be sent to the U. S. but by a different route from that which I came. Dr. Bower in a few days was sent home and I detained.
     On 2d March I was arrested by order of col. Proctor, and accused of carrying on a private correspondence. On the 8th, without having any trial, ordered to Montreal, and hurried on from Fort George, night and day, although thinly clothed, and the weather very cold. From Kingston to Prescott, I was made to eat with the officer’s servants. This course of torture being finished on the 28th, when I arrived in Montreal and without being asked any questions, or suffered to ask any myself, I was put into the dungeon, eight or ten feet below the surface of the ground, where I had neither bed nor bedding, chair, bench or stool – denied pen, ink or paper, or even the use of a book, for two weeks. The only current of air that passed through my apartment, came through the bowels of the privy! Here I was kept 33 days, when I was to my great joy put up with the American prisoners, and with them permitted to remain till last Monday, when I was liberated by the interccession of lieut. Dudley, of the navy. Col. Baynes, aid to the governor, told me the outrage which had been committed on my person was contrary to his orders.
     I left 14 American prisoners in jail, viz. George H. Rodgers, U. S. army; Wm. Hollenback, Onis Hooker, Philaster Jones, Harry Jones, Lewis Minor, Zebina Conkey, Painy Conkey, Cantou; Seth Barnes, Camden; Jared Witheril, John Campbell, Schoharie; Major Watson, Ogdensburg; Alexander M’Gregor, Balston; who were kept in close confinement, notwithstanding col. Lethbridge and Major Shackleton had pledged their words to capt Conkey, before he left Montreal for Quebec, that they should have the liberty of the town during the day. But the captain was scarcely gone, when the pledge was either forgotten or disregarded. The prisoners now are not permitted to procure such things as their small stock of money would provide. Sometimes they are half a day without water, and two or three days without wood; and if they complain they are cursed and abused by the jailer, and told they are only allowed a quart of water in the day. I am requested to represent their situation to gen. Dearborn, which I intend to do as soon as I arrive at Sacket’s Harbor.
     This is a sketch of the indignities I have had to put up with since the last of January.
                                      I am yours, &c.
                                                 Samuel M’Keehan,
                                                 Surgeon’s Mate, 2d Regt. Ohio Militia
Albany, May 24th, 1813.

New Bedford Mercury (New Bedford, MA) – July 3, 1818


     The editor of the Catskill Recorder has been informed, "on the most respectable authority" that Kesler, who was lately hung in Schoharie County, was restored to life and has made his escape. [If this be true, will he not deserve the epithet of 'scape-gallows?]

Alexandria Herald (Alexandria, VA) – July 10, 1818

Execution of Kesler

     The Catskill Recorder, after making the enquiry, whether Kesler was “executed or not,” adds as follows: - “We have been informed on the most respectable authorities that Kesler, who was recently suspended from the scaffold in Schoharie county, was restored to life and has made his escape. If we have been misinformed, some person acquainted with the facts, is requested to correct us.

Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) – July 13, 1818

          From the Utica Gazette of July 7.
     Villainy Detected. - On Saturday last, two men, by the names of William Orr, Jun. and Ezekiel Clark, were arrested at Whitesboro, on a charge of passing counterfeit money, and after undergoing an examination before J. B. Pease, Esq. were committed for trial. On the examination it appeared that Clark had passed a counterfeit bill of $5, of the New-York State Bank, to a woman in Whitesborough, and a counterfeit bill of $3 was found upon him. ...
     Orr and Clark say they were from the country of Schoharie.

Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, VA) – July 20, 1818

From the Utica (N.Y.) Gazette, 7th inst.

Villains Detected. – On Saturday last two men by the names of William Orr, jun. and Ezekiel Clark, were arrested at Whitesborough on a charge of passing counterfeit money, and after undergoing an examination before J. B. Pease, Esq. were committed for trial. On the examination it appeared that Clark had passed a counterfeit bill of $5 of the New York State Bank, to a woman in Whitesborough, and a counterfeit bill of $3 was found upon him. The following counterfeit bills were found upon Orr, to wit

Bills.                                                           Dools.
3 of 50,   on the Manufacturers and Mechanics’ Bank, Boston,     $150
14 of 20,  Bank of Baltimore                                      280
12 of 20,  Merchants’ Bank of City New York                       240
42 of 10,  Bank of Baltimore                                      420
46 of 5,   Bank of Alexandria                                     230
112 of 5,  Bank of Pennsylvania                                   560
50 of 5,   State Bank of Albany                                   250
39 of 3,   Miami Exporting Com’y                                  117
20 of 3,   Bank of Philadelphia                                    60
37 of 2,   Mech’s. & Farmers’ Troy                                 74


Orr and Clark say they were from the county of Schoharie.

American Mercury (Hartford, CT) – October 27, 1818

Cooperstown, Oct 19.
Atrocious Murder

     It devolves on us to record a most atrocious murder, committed on the person of William Huddleston a deputy sheriff in the county of Schoharie. The circumstances, as they have been related to us, are briefly these – Having executions in his hands to a considerable amount against a Mr. John Van Alstine, living near the Lunenburgh turnpike, in the town of Sharon. Mr. Huddleston called on him in the afternoon of Friday the 9th inst. For the purpose of making a levy on his property, and about sundown that day was seen in company with Mr. Van A. near his barn. Mr. H. did not return home when expected – and notwithstanding the anxiety which his unusual absence caused his family, no very extensive enquiries were made for him till Wednesday or Thursday when it was found that his business had led him to Van Alstine’s as above stated, but any further account of him could not be obtained. Suspicious that he had been murdered, were strongly excited, and application for a warrant to apprehend the supposed perpetrator, were made to a justice in the neighborhood but rejected. On the suggestion of the justice, however, his house was watched by three or four men, and on Friday night, about 12 o’clock, Mr. Van A. came out, and in spite of the efforts to take him, made his escape.
     On Saturday, a thorough search was made by a large number of inhabitants who had by this time collected together, and from the barn (in which the awful crime was perpetrated) appearances of blood were traced to a neighboring summer fallow, where the body of Mr. Hudleston was at length found, in a mangled state, buried about six inches below the surface. A Coroner’s Inquest was held on the body in the evening, and it is given as their verdict that, William Huddleston was willfully murdered by John Van Alstin, while performing the duty of his office.

City of Washington Gazette (Washington, D. C.) – November 3, 1818

     From the Schoharie Budget, N. Y. Oct 19:
     An apple tree, belonging to J. Mann, Esq. of this town, bore, the present year, a large quantity of apples of an extraordinary size, which, having become completely ripe, were gathered, and the tree blossomed and bore a second time. An apple of the second growth may be examined at this office.
     A chicken that was hatched this year, belonging to Mr. Wilhelmns Bouck, of the town of Middleburgh, in this county, has now a brood of chickens of its own.

Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY) – November 23, 1818    

From the Schoharie Observer
Particulars of the Murder of Mr. Huddleston

     In consequence of the deep interest felt on this occasion, and the misrepresentations which have been afloat, we are induced to give the circumstances, as far as they have come to our knowledge, of a transaction, which, for unprovoked malignity and unfeeling barbarity, can no where find a parallel.
     Mr. Huddleston had levied an execution of about $500 on the property of Van Alstine, the supposed murderer, and advertised, but a peculiar indulgence had several times postponed the sale. The afternoon of Friday, the 9th, was the deferred time fixed for the sale. On riding up to Van Alstine’s house, Huddleston asked if he had any money for him. Van Alstine answered “No, and I don’t want any.” Mr. Huddleston had a short time previous to this received another execution against Mr. Van Alstine, and the probability is, that he took this opportunity to inform him of the fact, but it is not known whether any levy was made or not. The sale was again postponed, and the persons assembled to bid had all retired. Van Alstine and Huddleston were seen in conversation near the barn about sunset. Mr. H. whose residence was on the same road, (Athens turnpike) four miles from V. A’s, did not return home as usual; no appearances, however, excited suspicion until his absence became alarming to his family. Enquiries became frequent at V. A’s – several days passed, but nothing could be learnt of Huddleston.
     V. A. stated that “he had paid H. $1200, and the damned rascal had run away with it;” he also called the next day after the murder on the attorney, and told him he had paid the execution, but Huddleston refused to admit a receipt of about $30 previously given by the attorney to V. A. for money paid, and took a line from the attorney to H. requesting him to refund the amount of the receipt to V. A.; and had not Mr. H’s well known character precluded every idea of dishonesty on his part, the transaction might have passed without any scrutiny, and the general belief obtained that he had absconded with the money.
     V. A’s countenance and conduct betrayed no symptoms of guilt, until on Friday, the repeated enquiries and constant search for H. and the charges of murder with which he was faced, it was observed, had rendered him somewhat thoughtful. On Friday night about 1 o’clock, he made his escape from the constables, who were watching around his house, by an artifice of leading them into a swamp. He had the day before got his fleetest horse shod, probably for the purpose (as he found circumstances accumulating so fast against him,) of making his escape; but finding that horse too well guarded, it is supposed he rode off H’s, which, as appearance since indicate, he had concealed in an unfrequented and almost impassable swamp in the woods.
     It was now no longer doubted that Mr. Huddleston had been murdered. The next day, (Saturday, the 17th,) the number of persons in search for the body had increased to some hundreds. Blood was discovered in the barn, and some faint traces over fences in a direction leading to a ploughed field on V.A’s farm. On approaching this field, about half an acre was perceived to be harrowed, without having been sowed. This it was afterwards learnt, V.A. harrowed early in the evening of the 9th, observing in going after his horses, that “as he had done nothing that day, he would harrow a little, it was so pleasant.” In one corner of this part of the field, which was about half a mile from the barn, where the murder must have been committed, the body was found buried about 17 inches under the ground, harrowed over so nicely as not to leave that place distinguishable from the rest of the field. The discovery seems to have been singularly providential. The company, provided with sharp pointed staves, had passed over the piece, and some of them seated themselves by the fence; but the person who happened to be on the spot over the body, having the curiosity to examine a little more thoroughly, perceived the earth to be softer here, and to admit the staff more easily than elsewhere.
     The earth was immediately removed, and the body found. The wounds were confined to the head, which was laid open in different places by blows apparently from a club, struck with unmerciful and unnecessary severity, even in a case of murder.
To prevent a discovery by the blood, a handkerchief had been first bound round the head, the coat of the deceased then thrown over this, and tied round with another handkerchief.
     The discovery of the saddle seems to have been as providential as the discovery of the body. Some children, on their way to school were in pursuit of a squirrel, and led by the squirrel under a bridge, on a cross road, about a quarter of a mile from Van Alstine’s, where they saw the saddle. On their return home, they took the saddle with them. This happened before Van Alstine’s departure, but was not generally known until the next day, and perhaps not known to him at all. The horse, which was a daple grey, has not been seen.
A coroner’s inquest was called before the body was taken from the shallow grave where it was found; the jury on evidence of the facts, gave a verdict of “willful murder, by John Van Alstine.” After the inquisition was held, the remains were conveyed to the late dwelling of the deceased and interred the next day (Sunday,) with Masonic honors, followed by a far greater concourse of people than had ever been assembled. With the circumstances then fresh on the recollection of all, and with the sight of the bereaved partner and orphan family, deprived for ever of him whose tenderness had been their comfort, and whose industry had been their support, not by the hand of providence, but by the arm of the assassin, the occasion was awfully solemn and afflictive.
I     t would perhaps be idle to search for motives or to enquire whether the deed was premeditated. A mind so dark in its purposes, and a heart so hardened against every feeling of humanity, as the crime under the mildest supposition indicates, would scarcely pause to distinguish the shades of guilt. The perfectly mild and unoffending disposition of Mr. Huddleston, forbids every thought that it was hasty and provoked. Van Alstine’s family all being absent that day, afforded a strong presumption that it was a deliberate and premeditated act.
     A few days after Huddleston had so unaccountably disappeared, Van Altine wished to exchange some bank bills badly torn; in some of them pieces were torn out, generally believed to have been taken from Huddleston, no bills of executions being found with the body – the pieces torn out had probably been stained with blood from Van Alstine’s hands, as on same of the torn bills spots of blood were still perceptible on a close examination. With all the other chilling and aggravated circumstances of this case, this circumstance may not excite surprise; but we can scarcely conceive of any thing more horrible in human nature than a being with the last convulsions of life before him, and with his hands yet bloody from the murder of a fellow being, coolly counting the reward of his iniquity.
     Persons were dispatched in different directions in pursuit of Van Alstine, but no information of him has been had. His excellency the governor has offered a reward of $250 for his apprehension, and the sheriff of this county too. But from the precaution and foresight discovered in the whole transaction, it is to be feared without some interposition of Providence, justice will not overtake his crimes in this world.
     P.S. Since the above was in type, information which can be relied on, has been received that Van Alstine passed through Cooperstown on Saturday morning, the 17th inst. On the grey horse of Huddleston – enquired the road to Herkimer and Schuyler’s Lake, and appeared somewhat confused as to the direction he should take. There is also a report entitled to some credit, that he had been heard of at Martinsburgh, where he exchanged the grey horse for another horse and proceeded towards Chaumont Bay, and that the two gentlemen, who started from Cooperstown on Sunday, were in pursuit, four hours behind him at Martinsburg.

The National Advocate (New York, NY) – December 5, 1818

     Copy of a letter directed to Mr. Keyser, sheriff of Schoharie county, dated Buffalo, November 17, 1818.

     Dear Sir,
     John Van Alstine is now in our jail – will probably start for your county in a day or two. He was taken at Black Rock last evening – called his name Allen until this evening, when a man that knew him called his name. He now confesses all but the fact of killing Huddelston.
     With respect, &c.
          D. S. Conkey, under sheriff.

Boston Intelligencer (Boston, MA) – December 26, 1818

     Van Alstine has been secured in Schoharie gaol, and cannot receive his trial before next fall, on his indictment for murder, as the court of oyer and terminer had concluded their business a short time before his arrival. - Buffalo pap.
     It appears from the examination of Van Alstine, taken before Judge Bouck, that the prisoner fled through Schenectady, and lodged the first night at Niskauna; that he continued his journey on foot to Plattsburgh, where he took the steamboat and proceeded to Montreal. He thence went to Prescott, Ogdensburgh, Kingston, Fort Erie and Black Rock, where he embarked for Sandusky. After being on the lake three days the vessel was driven back by a storm, and the prisoner suspected, arrested and identified.

Rochester Telegraph (Rochester, NY) – December 29, 1818

     At the court of Oyer and terminer for the county of Oneida holden in this village last week, five persons were convicted and sentenced as follows:
... William Orr, jun. of Schoharie, for having in his possession counterfeit bills ($25000)  with an intent to pass them - 10 years imprisonment in the state prison. ...

Gettysburg Compiler (Gettysburg, PA) – February 24, 1819

From the Albany Gazette and Daily Advertiser, of November Last
Important Discovery
Respecting the Locality and Uses of Sulphate of Strontian

     The Troy Lyceum of Natural history, of which John D. Dickinson, esq. is president, has entered spiritedly upon the important work of searching out the native productions of our own country. Among the fruits of its first efforts, is the disclosure of the following important discovery.
It has been intimated to the society, that specimens of the sulphate of strontian had been put into the hands of Dr. Low, more than a year ago, which were found in some part of Schoharie county. Information had also been received respecting it thro’ other channels. As its geographical locality was not accurately ascertained, and its geological position had never been examined, the collecting agent of the society, Mr. Amos Eaton, was requested to go into Schoharie county in search of it.
Lieut. Richard C. Pomeroy, of the U. States arsenal, generously offered to accompany Mr. E. and bear the expense of the excursion, without any charge against the society. On the morning of Wednesday, the 11th inst. They arrived at the place, and were enabled to make the following report to the society.
Geographical Locality.
     The fibrous sulphate of strontian (strontianite or celestine) is found imbedded in the north eastern face of a hill, about 70 or 80 feet high to the extent of at least three fourths of a mile. The hill is situated in the town of Carlisle, county of Schoharie, about eight miles in a north westerly direction from the court house, three miles west from Schoharie kill, three miles in a southwesterly direction from Sloan’s village, and thirty-four miles west from Albany.
Geological Position.
     The fibres of the strontian are vertical (from the fourth of an inch to two inches in length) standing between the layers of a very soft argilaceous slate rock. By the lateral adhesion of the fibres very extensive strata are formed. As fragments are found through the whole extent of the side hill in the soil, there can be no doubt that, were the rock laid bare the strata of strontian would be equally extensive. From the quantity presented to view on laying bare a few feet of the rock, there is good reason to believe, that many tons of it maybe easily obtained. About three cubic feet of the rock yielded forty pounds of strontianate.
The slate rock, in which the strontian is imbedded, is not the transition slate; but is of a peculiar texture. It rests upon graywacke, which passes into a kind of variegated sandstone towards its upper surface.
     Though the color of the strontianate is blueish grey, the fragments, which have been exposed to air and light, assume an appearance in some measure resembling borax (sub borate of soda.) This appearance induced Mr. Elias Baldwin ( an ingenious smith, one of the members of the society of friends) to make an experiment with it, as a substitute for borax in brazing. His success encouraged him to apply it in various ways, until he proved it to be the most useful flux ever used in brazing and welding. By using a very small quantity of pulverized strontionate as a substitute for clay, he welded in the presence of Mr. Eaton and Mr. Pomeroy, the most refractory steel with the same facility as though it was the softest of iron. He performed the process of brazing also several times; whereby he proved its very great superiority over borax; on account of its remaining more fixed in a high heat.
     The strontian mine being so very extensive, and the brazing and welding process requiring so small a quantity, it is not extravagant to predict, that its discovery, added to Mr. Baldwin’s application of it, will be of more use in the arts than any discovery made in this country since the commencement of the present century.
The farmer and the artist discover the native productions of our country, apply them to their own conveniences; then the secret dies with its discoverer. It is the business of learned societies and of scientific geologists, mineralists and botanists, to collect facts and materials to perpetuate and extend the knowledge of their uses for the general benefit of mankind. It is to be hoped that the Troy Lyceum and other similar institutions will persevere in the laudable efforts until the valuable treasures of our mineral and vegetable kingdoms, which are now trodden under foot unnoticed, may be brought forth to light in their true characters.

Middlesex Gazette (Middletown, CT) – March 4, 1819

     John Van Alstyne, at a court of oyer and terminer held at the court house in Schoharie, on Tuesday last, at which chief justice Spencer presided, was tried and convicted of the murder of sheriff Huddleston, and sentenced to be executed on the 19th day of March next.

Connecticut Courant (Hartford, CT) - March 9, 1819

     Van Alstyne, the murderer of Mr. Huddleston, deputy sheriff in Schoharie county, has had his trial and found guilty. He is to be executed on the 19th of this month. We understand he has, since his condemnation, made a full confession of his crimes, which include the murder of two persons previous to that of Mr. Huddleston; one a white, and the other a black man. He also confessed that he burnt Beckman's barns a few years since. N. Y. Gaz.

Connecticut Gazette (New London, CT) - March 31, 1819

     Van Alstyne, was executed pursuant to his sentence on Friday last at Schoharie. The rope broke the first time he was turned off. - He re-ascended the ladder, and spoke some minutes.

Newburyport Herald (Newburyport, MA) - April 16, 1819

From the Cooper's Town Herald
Execution of Van Alstine

     Friday last being the day appointed by law for the execution of this miserable man, he was taken from the jail, in Schoharie county, at about 1 o'clock P. M. under a military escort and moved with music to the place of execution. The crowd was so numerous and pressed so heavy on the military, that it appeared almost impossible to keep any kind of order. After arriving at the gallows, and ascending the platform, the Rev. Mr. Austin commenced the exercises, by reading a hymn, in which the unfortunate man joined in singing, and went through it with an emphatical and distinct voice; - after the psalm was finished. Mr. Austin addressed the Throne of Grace, in a prayer of much energy and fervency - after which another psalm was sung. Van Alstine appeared remarkable firm and composed, the rope being about his neck and fastened to the gallows. At the close of the psalm, Mr. Lintner addressed the audience in a discourse of about 20 minutes, during which time Van Alstine asked the sheriff if the rope was strong; and received answer in the affirmative. The Rev. Mr. Wait then read a hymn, which was sung - after which he addressed the multitude for about 20 minutes, and read and sung another hymn, (in which many joined) and closed with prayer.
     The sheriff now adjusted the cord which tied his hands, and the clergy spoke to him in a low voice; and after a short lapse of time, Van Alstine addressed the spectators, observed in substance that he was bro't to the situation they beheld him by an unrestrained indulgence of his passions, and that he was satisfied he ought to suffer; he admonished the spectators to reflect on his awful situation, and to remember his last dying words - to go home and solemnly impress on their hearts, what he told them, &c. He now said he was ready; and offering up prayers to God, pulled his cap over his face, having previously shook hands with all the Clergy and Sheriff. Every thing being in readiness, the sheriff caused the fatal spring to be touched - the platform fell, and almost instantaneously Van Alstine followed - his weight having broke the rope! At this awful moment, the minds and tempers of the spectators can be better felt than described. The fall appeared to have deprived him of all sense - and it was several minutes before he was sufficiently revived to re-ascend the ladder; which he however, very soon did, with some little assistance. The fatal rope was again prepared, and again the sheriff shook hands with him. He now pulled his cap over his face, & again offering up prayers, the fatal spring was again touched; & he was swung off about two minutes before 3 o'clock. His body, after hanging about half an hour, was taken and delivered to his friends by the sheriff; and a funeral sermon was yesterday delivered at his usual residence, by the Rev. Mr. Lintner.
     The number of spectators are estimated from 10 to 12,000.

Boston Intelligencer (Boston, MA) - May 8, 1819

The Reflector
The Power of Conscience

     Three persons who would not be detered from the commission of crimes, by fears of the coercion of the laws, would probably be restrained in they could realize it, by the severity which a criminal's conscience exercises over his mind. This is difficult to be brought home to the thoughts of ill-disposed individuals - poets and historians have painted the workings of remorse in language both forcible and true. The soliloquy of the King in hamlet, and the dream of Richard the third, introduce you, perhaps to a more intimate knowledge of the distress of a guilty mind, than an historical narration of similar afflictions would effect.
     The actual confessions of John Van Alstine, the murderer of William Huddleston a deputy sheriff, in Schoharie county in New-York - of the tyranny of conscience over him, after he had committed the crime, offer a still more forcible illustration of this subject. This man was reported to have behaved under the influence of his enormity, with the utmost composure and self-possession; so that his actions and conversations were not remarkable for any peculiarity. But let us hear what he says himself.
     "Whatever composure it is said my conduct exhibited to the world, after the murder, my mind was certainly a stranger to it. Whilst carrying the how and shovel to the field where I intended to burry Huddleston, my imagination presented witness of my purpose in the corner of every field; and every time my spade removed the earth from the grave a sound rung through my ears, which I imagined could be heard through the whole neighborhood. While carrying the body on my shoulder, from the barn to the grave, it appeared that the sound of every footstep could be heard a mile; and every breath I fancied I heard the footstep of some pursuer. The blood in the barn I daily saw, and might, as my council said, removed it, and also the stains on the fences, in such a manner as that no appearance could have remained; but made no attempt to conceal that in the barn until on the evening before my flight. I sprinkled lime on one of the stains, as noticed by Judge Beekman in his testimony. The manner of my apprehension will be considered singular. During the continuance of the gale on Lake Erie, I had but a faint expectation that humane justice would ever have the punishment of my crimes. Whether in those adverse winds that baffled all exertion, there was a particular Providence, to bring me before a human tribunal, and whether in the surge that threatened our destruction, was manifested the wrath that overhangs the guilty, is not for me to say.
     Not satisfied with the crime I had committed, the temper of mankind beckoned me on to the last act which should complete my eternal misery. After I was taken up at Buffalo, I was repeatedly tempted to take my own life; and once I put my handkerchief to my neck and pressed it against my throat, but as it produced no effect, I took it away again. On my road to Schoharie, some wicked spirit told me at one time to seek a stone or some place where I could cast myself from the carriage and end my troubles with my existence - at other times that I should dash my brains out against a post or break my neck by rushing headlong down stairs. But at every time some invisible power seemed to check me, and say there would be time enough when I should approach nearer home."

New York Daily Advertiser (New York, NY) – August 21, 1819

     At Schoharie, Mr. Solomon Baker, proprietor of the Schoharie Observer, to Miss Sally Simmons.

Paulson's American Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia, PA) - October 30, 1819

Extract of of letter from a gentleman in Schoharie, dated 21st Oct. 1819, to the editors

     "The cattle show and fair in this county last Tuesday and Wednesday, was highly interesting. Old Schoharie looms up in the midst of the agricultural exhibitions of her sister counties. The display of animals was rather superior to Otsego in their first exhibition in 1817 the ploughing match was probably superior to any other in America being conducted on a better plan. Instead of racing through with oxen which shall come out first, producing no practical good, they adopted the following plan, on the suggestion of E. Watson, Esq. of your city. The scene of exhibition was on the flatts. The criterion for obtaining the prize, was the one who should, at the expiration of 30 minutes, plough nearest to the depth of six inches, and eight inches furrow, and perform the most and best work. By the great exertions of the marshals, spectators were kept off the ground - instead of which the members of the committee were following the ploughs to gauge the depth and width they severally ploughed. - Three yoke of oxen and two span of horses started for different premiums, and stopped the same instant at the sound of a bugle. - The plough boys were all neatly dressed, with white frocks and green sashes round their waists, and the society's badge in their hats. In a word, it was a most exhilarating, heart-cheering sight, conducted with great spirit and propriety, by William C. Bouck, Esq chairman. Numerous spectators of both sexes attended to witness the interesting scene.
     The second day of the fair was also highly interesting. The procession was novel, viz a plough followed by a respectable farmer sowing wheat; then a harrow - and the members, committees and officers of the society, each carrying some implement of husbandry. The exercises in the church occupied two hours and a half, At the agricultural ball, the ladies of the county entered with spirit into the views of the society - instead of being decorated with costly, expensive, foreign g3w-gaws - their heads were handsomely ornamented with wheat, interspersed with flowers; and their gowns elegantly trimmed with festoons made of cedar twigs, in a truly pastoral style.

Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, VA) – November 14, 1819

     In the grand agricultural race which has been run this fall, the following counties have come out first, viz.
. . . . .
Schoharie – in the best style of ploughing, and also in the novelty and farmer-like style of their procession.
. . . . .
[Albany Gaz.]

Columbian Centinel (Boston, MA) – November 20, 1819

     The surplus produce this year of Schoharie county, N. Y. over the consumption, is estimated at Three Hundred and Fifty Thousand bushels of Wheat, Rye, Corn, and other grain!!

Westchester Herald (Mount Pleasant, NY) – September 19, 1820

Schoharie, Aug. 23
Public Baptism, by the Methodists
     On Saturday last preparation was made for having preaching in a grove by the wayside in Hunters land. In the evening a sermon was delivered at the school house by the Rev. Mr. Pomeroy, and the next morning at the same place a prayer meeting and love feast was held, previous to the public exercises. At 10 o’clock A. M. a numerous concourse assembled in the grove, to whom Elder Stead delivered a very satisfactory discourse on the subject of christian baptism. The elder had not time to make an application of his subject before the rain came so as to break up the meeting. After the shower was over we repaired to the water side, where 12 adult persons received the ordinance by pouring, 6 by sprinkling, and 11 by immersion. During the ceremony the rain fell again in abundance, so that we were literally “baptized in the cloud,” which prevented any further exercises in the open air, when part of the concourse withdrew, and those that remained repaired to Mr. P. Cook’s where another sermon was delivered and the holy eucharist administered. The assembly then dispersed, and the friends of Zion “went on their way rejoicing.” It was thought there were 2000 persons present to witness the baptizing and to the praise of those who came purely through curiosity, the most respectful attention was manifested on their part.

The Patron of Industry (New York, NY) – November 8, 1820

Agricultural and Manufacturing Exhibitions

     Schoharie County. - We observe that in this County, some excellent articles of manufacture were exhibited. Clarissa Gallup presented a piece of woollen cloth, which was admired, and Eliza Lattimore exhibited a bonnet in imitation of Leghorn, made of grass which grows spontaneously in the county, which drew forth the particular admiration of the judges.
     The following crops were produced in the County.
     1. To Christian H. Shaefer, of Schoharie, for the best 2 acres of winter wheat, 66 bushels.
     2. To Peter P. Snyder, of Schoharie, for the best 2 acres of spring wheat in one piece, on improved land, 47 bushels.
     3. To Issac Barber, of Schoharie, for the best 2 acres of winter rye, in one piece, on improved land, 45 bushels.
     4. To Henry Green, of Schoharie, for the best one acre of corn to one piece, 92 bushels

The Metropolitan (Washington, D. C.) – November 9, 1820

     The Schoharie Republican contains an account of a suicide committed by an old man of seventy, who hung himself in despair, at the loss of property, owing to the failure of his sons, to whom he had become security.

New England Paladium (Boston, MA) – November 10, 1820

     Fire! - We regret to state that the clothing works, carding machines and drying houses attached to the manufactory of A. Croswell, Esq. at Broome, Schoharie County, were entirely destroyed by fire on the afternoon of the 28th ult. About 600 pieces of cloth, including those belonging to customers, were consumed. The loss is estimated at about $4000.

The Repertory (Boston, MA) – November 16, 1820

     Schoharie, N. Y. Oct. 31. - Murder. - Among the frequent accounts of murder which met our eye, we do not recollect of one in which a more black-hearted and unprovoked malignity was displayed, than in the following:
     On Tuesday morning of last week, just at day-break, a young man of apparently about 18 or 20 years of age, presented himself at the house of a Mr. Case, about five miles northeast of this village, in a very retired place, on the pine plains, with a new-born infant in his arms, and requested Mrs. Case (her husband being absent) to take care of the child for one week, for which he offered her 5 dollars; this she refused. He then offered her five dollars to keep it for that day only. Mrs. Case still refused, but recommended him to Mr. Lewis's, but a short distance from there. At Mrs. Case's refusal to take the child, he appeared considerably disconcerted, and said he did not like to take it to Mr. Lewis's - that he did not like to go past any more houses, as it was now getting light; adding, "It will not do to be seen with the child by daylight." Mrs. Case then advised him to go to a Mrs. Kimball, who lived about half a mile southwest of there, through the plains, and informed him that Miss Kimball had mentioned to her a few days before, that she had more than sufficient milk for her own child. He then went out, and mounted a horse which he had left near the door, and rode off in the direction of Mrs. Kimball's.
     During the day, Mrs. case becoming anxious respecting the fate of the child from what the man had said, went to Mr. Lewis's and Mrs. Kimball's, but he had not been there. She immediately informed the neighbors living on the opposite side of the woods, and described the man and the horse he rode. He was easily recognized to be a person who had been seen coming out of the woods about an hour after sunrise, into a lane running into the back part of the farm of Daniel M'Vean. He inquired of a son of Mr. M'Vean for the main road leading to this village. he had no child with him. - He said he had been to Kingsborough that night, and got lost in the plains. He came in in the direction of the village, but was --racted only a short distance on the way.
     We cannot but express our astonishment and regret, that the people in that neighborhood should appear so indifferent about the investigation of this business. It was not until Wednesday afternoon that information was given to the proper authorities in this village. Witnesses were immediately sent for, who appeared on Thursday. On Friday, a respectable number of the citizens of this village, with a coroner, went out to search for the body of the child. After considerable search, it was discovered lying naked on the ground, under the boughs of a fallen tree, about a quarter of a mile southeast from Kimball's. The temples had each received a severe contusion, and its throat was cut! - The body was horribly mangled, probably by vermin. One arm, its nose, and ears, were entirely gone, its bowels laid bare, and its chin and the back part of its head, were badly eaten. The child was a female. A coroner's jury was called, who returned a verdict of Wilful murder, by some person unknown. A small bundle of clothes, the appearel of a grown female, with the exception of a child's shirt, were found concealed under a log, about four rods from where the body of the child was found.
     The Seriff of this county has offered a reward of one hundred dollars for the apprehension of the murderer. The following is the description of his person, copied from the Sheriff's advertisement.
     "The murderer is a slender person, about middle height, thought to be a little round shouldered, of light complexion, light hair, no whiskers, about 18 or 20 years of age, soft smooth voice, and spoke the English language well; had on a dark straight bodied coat, about middle length; dress generally dark, a black fur hat, tolerably well dressed, cloth apparently homemade."
     Notwithstanding every possible exertion has been made to detect the mother of the child, as well as the murderer, not the least trace of either has yet been discovered.
                                                                                                                   Montgomery Republican 

Republican Chronicle – (Ithaca, NY) - February 14, 1821

     We the subscribers do certify, that we were present at the house Herman Rulifson, in the town of Blenheim, in the county of Schoharie, on the 26th day of January inst. at which time Jacob Sutherland, esq. of said town, and others were present, together with Rulif Rulison. At which time and place the said Rulifson, on being interogated, stated: That he had made a certain affidavit before Hermanus Bouck, esq. dated the 8th instant, and which said affidavit has been transmitted by the Governor to the Legislature of this state; that in making said affidavit he did not mean to convey the idea, that it was the general opinion that said Sutherland had threatened with prosecution those who were opposed to him in politics – but merely that he heard it so talked in company where there were several persons present; but declined mentioning the names of the persons who were present, or who had said so. Said Rulifson further stated that he knew of no person whom the said Sutherland had threatened to prosecute as aforesaid, and never heard any person say that he had been so threatened; but that all he meant to state in his affidavit was, that he had heard it so talked as above stated, and upon that grounded his belief that it was true. The said Rulifson further stated, that the said affidavit was drawn by Henry Hamilton, Esquire, of Schoharie. The father of the said Rulifson stated, he was eighteen years of age in October last.
                                                             A. Croswell, Just. Peace.
                                                             Henry Hagar,
                                                             N. P. Tyler.
                                                      January 27, 1821.

New York Spectator (New York, NY) – July 17, 1821


     At Jefferson, Schoharie co. 8th inst. Col. Stephen Judd, aged 64, an officer of the revolution.

Washington Gazette (Washington, D. C.) – August 6, 1821

     Dr. Joshua Converse, of Schoharie, has given a public statement of a case, in which the effects of arsenic were counteracted by the application of charcoal. He has detailed his treatment of the case, and found the abovementioned substance as effectual remedy. A full dose of arsenic was taken by his patient, for the purpose of putting an end to his existence. If this case is well authenticated, it is a confirmation of a valuable discovery in medicine, - Albany paper. 

Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, MD) – January 9, 1822

     The paper mill and distillery near the Bridge in Schoharie, N. Y. were burnt on the 30th ult. Loss $10,000.

Connecticut Courant (Hartford, CT) – April 30, 1822

     We the undersigned have seen a statement addressed to the public, by one Joseph Green, and published on the 6th inst. In the Schoharie Republican, in which we are styled imposters, and virtually charged with imposing upon the public, by pretending to losses at the late fire in this village, which we have not sustained, and by soliciting, in the name of said green, donations for our own benefit. We do hereby certify and declare, that at a general meeting of the inhabitants of said village, immediately after the said fire, there was a committee of nine of the said inhabitants appointed by the said meeting, for the purpose of inquiring into the amount of the several losses by the said fire to the aggregate amount of twenty-nine hundred dollars, exclusive of notes of hand, books of accompt, and some raw materials for the manufacture of paper. And we further declare, that there was no objection made to the correctness of the said estimate, by any of the sufferers; but that the said estimate was sanctioned by their express approbation. And we further declare, that it was authorised by the said committee, and agreed to by the sufferers, that each individual sufferer might solicit donations either for himself exclusively, or to be thrown into a common fund, to be distributed by the said committee amongst the sufferers, according to its discretion.
     A suit, in the supreme court, has been instituted against the author of the said libel, for whose conduct, however, we must confess that we feel not so much the sentiments of detestation and abhorrence, as we do those of pity and of contempt. For we consider him merely the base and degraded tool of some few selfish and designing individuals, whose professed regard for the public interest, and the public feeling, has as little foundation in truth, as any respect to which they may pretend for the principles of decency or of common honesty.
                                                                                                                                                 John Thrall
                                                                                                                                                 William Page
     Esperance, 10th April, 1822.

     We presume that those editors who may have been imposed upon by the slanderous production to which we have alluded, will give themselves the pleasure to publish its refutation.

Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, MD) - May 27, 1823

                                                                   Hudson, May 20
     On the 15th or 16th inst. Michael Bust, who lives near Middleburgh, Schoharie county, with three associates was arrested for counterfeiting. Suspicion had been excited by Bust, who passed considerable quantities of this spurious money, by his uniformly saying to those whom he let have the notes, that if it was not good he would take it back again.
     They had a Copper plate printer's press concealed in the barn, and in the trunk or chest of Bust, a considerable amount of counterfeit money was found, and we understand engraved plates for notes on the bank of Catskill, on a Troy bank, on a Montreal Bank, and on Bank in Rhode Island.

Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, MD) - August 21, 1823
Hinman's Hole

                                                                   Little Falls, Aug. 6
     A singular and extensive cavern to which this name (from a former owner of the land on which it is situated,) has long been known to exist, near the Inn of Mr. H. Perry, about a mile north of this village - yet no successful endeavor to discover its hidden recesses, has yet been made.
     Some 3 or 4 years since, several gentlemen of this place undertook to explore the cave; among others, Dr. C. W. Smith descended about 30 feet, and Mr. H. Holmes (now of Newport,) penetrated to the depth of 114. Both found great difficulty of respiration, at the distance first mentioned, and Mr. H. was affected for some time after, by the carbonic gas of the cave.
     On the 29th ult. another attempt was made, and 50 or 60 persons from this place attended to see the result. having provided themselves with a good length of rope, and a keg of gunpowder, they affixed a match to the latter, and lowered it down, expecting the force of the explosion to dissipate the noxious quality of the air - but the match repeatedly went out, and the attempt failed. A Mr. John D. Brown, of Schoharie, then suffered himself to be let down by the rope; at thirty feet from the mouth, he experienced the same deleterious effects of the air mentioned by Messrs. Smith and Holmes, and all his candles were extinguished; but below this depth the air was pure. Mr. B. continued to descend, occasionally removing the stones and other rubbish which have been dropped into the cave, and sometimes hindered his passage; and after going to the distance of one hundred and sixty-five feet, (which carried him to the extent of the rope, but not to the bottom of the cave,) was drawn up without injury.
     It is hoped that some more fortunate attempt will soon be made; as this wonderful sport of nature undoubtedly contains many mineralogical curiosities. And who knows but Hinman's Hole may prove a mere trapdoor to Capt. Symmes' underground world?
                                                                                                                                 People's Friend.

Adams Centinel (Gettysburg, PA) - December 3, 1823

     At a late exhibition of the Agricultural Society at Schoharie, N. Y. a married woman presented three infant daughters which she had at one birth. As no premium had been offered for the most valuable of products, the Bachelors present agreed to present the lady with five hundred dollars each, making in the whole a very handsome sum.

Ithaca Journal (Ithaca, NY) – June 9, 1824

Melancholy Shipwreck

Sandusky, May 19
     The Schooner SYLPH, Harry Haskin master and owner, soiled from this port on Wednesday the 12th inst., about 12 o'clock, for Detroit, with two barrels of whiskey, a waggon load of wooden dishes, and three passengers, besides his brother Charles, who assisted in the management of the vessel. In the afternoon a gale commenced from the north-west, which in the night became tempestuous; yet, no apprehensions were entertained for its safety, as its commander was a good seamen, and as the numerous islands between this place and Detroit, it was supposed would afford a secure retreat from almost any storm. But in the evening of the 4th, two men arrived at this place in a skiff, with the distressing intelligence, that the Sylph was wrecked on North Bass Island, and that every person on board was lost! They also informed that the bodies of 4 persons, viz. Harry and Charles Haskin, a man whose name is supposed top be -- Roberts, of Florence, in this county; and a child about a year old, belonging to a Mrs. Hunter, who went on board at this place, had been found and buried.
     On Saturday morning, a number of men, accompanied by L. Haskin, brother of the deceased, left this place in the schooner Fox, Capt. Green, for the island, and returned in the night, bringing the bodies of the Messrs. Haskins, the sails and rigging, and all that could be saved from the wreck of the vessel. The funeral of the two brothers was attended on the following day, by their afflicted relatives, and a respectable concourse of deeply sympathizing acquaintances and friends. Harry Haskin was 23 years of age, and Charles 17 --- they were both promising young men.
     Mrs. Hunter, the mother of the child above mentioned, has not been found. It is said that she formerly resided near this place, was originally from Schoharie, N. Y., and recently from Buffalo.
     We are informed that the wreck exhibited a frightful appearance, on the morning of the 13th, when it was discovered by the family of Mr. Martin, whose house was but a few rods distant. The hull lay in three or four feet water, the stern beat in, and both masts carried away --- the foremast broken in two places. The cable was coiled on the bow, and the anchor hung in its proper place. The sails were double reefed, but had not been lowered away, and together with the spars, were hanging to the wreck.
     The captain was hanging lifeless across a rope, with his head and feet over the bow, and the person who owned the wooden dishes, and whose name is supposed to be Roberts, was found in the hole, under a barrel of whiskey. It is supposed that the woman was lost before the vessel went ashore; and that Charles attempted to save himself and the child, but was exhausted by the violence of the waves, as they were found on the shore, but a few yards apart, about fifty rods from the wreck. --- Clarion

Adams Centinel (Gettysburg, PA) – November 17, 1824

From the Schoharie, (N. Y.) Republican, November 3
     At the Circuit Court, held by Judge Duer for this county last week, Jeremiah Slingerland, a half blood Indian indicted for the murder of his wife, was found guilty of manslaughter only, and sentenced to imprisonment in the state prison for fourteen years. Of the circumstances of this affair we have little knowledge – indeed it appeared to excite but very little public interest. Slingerland, who is a poor ignorant fellow, confessed, in substance, at the time he was apprehended, nearly all the circumstances that have since been proven in court against him. He says, that while in a drunken frolic at his hut, or wigwam, in the town of Sharon, a quarrel arose between him and his wife, and that being considerably intoxicated himself, he beat her very severely with his cane, more so than he was aware of at the time, which he thinks was probably the cause of her death, as she died a few days after. It was given in evidence by a black woman, who assisted in laying out the corpse, that part of the body was beat to a complete jelly. Twelve or fourteen days after the deceased was buried, suspicion being raised that she had been murdered, a coroners inquest was held, who brought in a verdict of wilful murder. Slingerland never attempted to escape, but suffered himself to be apprehended and committed without the least resistance. Ever since his confinement in jail he has behaved with decency and propriety, always regretting the death of his wife in the most penitent manner.
     On several occasions he has expressed a wish to be hung, as he thought in case he should be cleared, and should again mingle with other Indians, that they would most assuredly kill him. – The cause, on the part of the people was ably, though humanely sustained by Thomas Lawyer, district attorney; and the prisoner was ingeniously and eloquently defended by H. Hamilton and D. F. Sacia, Esquires, assigned as counsel for the prisoner by the court.

Ithaca Journal (Ithaca, NY) – December 8, 1824

     Abraham Keyser, jun. of Schoharie, has been appointed Treasurer of this State in the place of Benjamin Knower, resigned.

Providence Patriot (Providence, RI) – August 27, 1825

A Young Rogue Caught

     A lad, apparently about 15 years old, an apprentice to Mr. Deyo, a respectable tailor of this place, was very ingeniously detected in stealing money from the drawer of Mr. Throop's store in this village. He had for some time made it a practice to call at the store when there was no one in excepting Mr. T. or one of his clerks. he would then generally call for wine, or some trifling article kept in the store cellar, and in their absence to procure the article, it was suspected that he made free with the change drawer. The other day Mr. T. fastened a cord to the back of the drawer, and let one end pass through a small hole into the cellar. It was but a short time before the boy came in, and observing no one but Mr. Throop in the store, called for some red wine: Mr. T. on entering the cellar, perceiving the cord move, caught hold of it, and with a sudden jerk made it fast; he then ran up stairs, and found the young rogue with his hand fast in the drawer, and he was taken, as Prince Hall says, "in the manner." We hope this little affair will prove a warning to the descendants of the Longfinger family, to keep their fingers off of other peoples' property, lest they should, as this chap has done, get them trapped. - Schoharie Republican.

New Hampshire Sentinel (Keene, NH) – January 20, 1826

     Genteel Dunning, The editor of the Schoharie Republican advertises as follows - "N. B. Wanted, at this office, any quantity of 'the Root of Evil,' in exchange for notes and accounts" - and then adds, with the most commendable regard to his own convenience, "Don't all come at once."

Middlesex Gazette (Middletown, CT) – July 5, 1826

From the Schoharie Republican

     Disgusting. - A thick lip'd hump back'd bullneck'd he Negro, accompanied by his white dulcinea, made application on Saturday last, to the several Clergymen and Magistrates in this place, to be tied in the noose matrimonial. It is perhaps needless to add, that they did not succeed. The parties accompanied by some half dozen of their friends of both sexes, and all colours, paraded arm and arm at broad noon day, the whole length of the village, talking and chuckling, billing and cooing, with as much joy depicted on their countenances, as if they were about to form the most proper and natural connection imaginable, and not one, the bare thought of which, causes the best feelings of the civilized world to recoil with disgust. The girl, although now sunk in the lowest depths of vice and infamy, is still WHITE, and from what we can learn, has parents now living, who, tho' in indigent circumstances, are far above the out cast, and variegated shreds and patches of society, with which their daughter now herds - and burrows like the dumb brutes.

American Mercury (Hartford, CT) – August 15, 1826

     From the Schoharie Republican
     In an unfrequented part of the town of Blenheim, in this county, is a large range of rocks, extending several miles along the north side of a steep mountain. In these ledges are several openings or caves, the interior of which never has, and since a recent occurrence, probably never will be explored by any human being.
     Some time last month, two young men, the oldest about 20 and the other 15, were returning from a fishing excursion by one of the most considerable openings in the rocks. Being somewhat fatigued, and not apprehensive of danger, the largest boy seated himself several paces from the cave, while the younger one stood a rod or two in the rear. Getting into conversation , the oldest boy turned his back to the cave while the other faced it. Directing his eyes towards the cave, the latter observed the head of a huge monster issuing from the den. He was frightened, that, without giving the alarm to his companion, he sprang instantly up an adjoining rock, and after recovering a little from his fright, called out to the other, who had till then maintained his sitting position, with his back to the cave, wondering what could have caused his sudden flight. At that moment he turned his head, and, for the first time, saw the monster within a few feet of him, his head elevated some six or eight feet from the ground, and to all appearance ready to pounce upon him. He gave two or three dreadful screams, and, as we may well suppose, made good his retreat to his companion. The monster, no ways daunted, continued his course down the hill some distance, turned back, and entered his den. During this time the boys had a fair view of him; and they assert that, after making all due allowance for the fright, they are fully convinced that his length exceeded thirty feet, and his body was as large as a common saw log, and covered with irregular spots, about the size of a man’s hand, of bright red and jet black.
     The next day, the oldest boy, whose name we believe is Sandford, and who is said to be no ways deficient in courage, went alone to the den and seated himself on a rock that projected over the entrance, where he had not remained long when his Snakeship made his appearance – descended the declivity further than before, breaking the old limbs and sticks as he passed over them, until Sandford made some noise from above, then he turned his course and again entered the den.
     The alarm was given in the neighborhood, and a number of people collected at the den, but they were not gratified with a view of the monster; his course, however, could be plainly traced; and where he had passed over the sand or leaves, it appeared like the trace of a large log. Since these facts have spread, the cave has been visited by a great number of people from the adjoining towns, and the above facts have been communicated to us by several of the most respectable people in the towns of Blenheim and Jefferson, many of whom have visited the cave and seen the track of the serpent. They state that they have the utmost confidence in the voracity of the young men who saw him, and as additional confirmation, they say that a very offensive smell, similar to that of the large snakes has been observed by all who have visited the place.

Eastern Argus (Portland, ME) – September 1, 1826

     Gardiner Cleveland, Esq. first judge of Schenectady county, in a fit of insanity (brought on by the free use of ardent spirits) threw himself from a precipice 159 feet high near the village of Esperance, near Schoharie.

New Bedford Mercury (New Bedford, MA) – September 29, 1826

     There are two of the captors of Major Andre surviving, Mr. Van Wart and David Williams. the latter has been killed in the newspaper three times, but he is still alive and a resident in the town of Broome, in the county of Schoharie.

Middlesex Gazette (Middletown, CT) – October 11, 1826

     There are two of the captors of Major Andre surviving. Mr. Van Wart and D. Williams. The latter has been killed in the newspapers three times, but he is still alive and trotting. – He is a resident in the town of Broome, in the country of Schoharie. – Bost. Statesman.

Adams Centinel (Gettysburg, PA) – November 15, 1826

     Slander. – At the last Circuit Court in Schoharie, N. Y. the Rev. F. Schermerhorn recovered One Thousand Dollars damages against the Rev. Henry Wyckoff for Slander, in asserting that the former had sworn false in a cause tried in Court. Another case of slander was tried at the same term, in which the plaintiff recovered $300 damages.

New Hampshire Gazette (Portsmouth, NH) – November 21, 1826

     A man has been arrested in Schoharie, N. Y. as a counterfeiter. he was prevented from swallowing $50 in bad money by being seized by the throat. - he could not pass it. - Bost. Pat.

Middlesex Gazette (Middletown, CT) – December 26, 1826

     We learn from the Schoharie Republican of Wednesday, that Hugo Sweeny, an Irishman, while eating his breakfast at Lasell’s tavern in that village, reclined his head on the table and died immediately.

Connecticut Courant (Hartford, CT) – April 9, 1827

     In the jail in Schoharie County, N. Y. one Williams, a prisoner, attempted to kill three other prisoners in the same room because he said they were Freemasons and Freemasons had killed Morgan! They might be Masons but they were not quite free.

New Bedford Mercury (New Bedford, MA) – April 13, 1827

From the Schoharie Republican
A general knock-down

     On Sunday evening last, a fellow by the name of Williams, who is either crazy or very ugly, and who has been confined in the goal of the county for some time, for abusing his wife and family, took it into his head to release his fellow prisoners, not only from their "durance vile," but to rid them of the world - and the world of them, by knocking their brains out.
     The prisoners, three in number, besides Williams, were sitting round the stove, talking, while Mr. Williams was passing the room, with a huge billet of wood in his hand, musing on his hard fate, and the various "ills to which" mankind in general are " heir to," and himself in particular, when all at once a thought struck him, - and at the same instant he struck one of the prisoners with his cudgel, and brought him to the floor; - instantly another was brought down in the same manner, and the club was raised over the head of the third, but he having got a hint of what was going on, did not wait to receive the blow, but instantly seizing Williams brought him to the floor, where, with some little assistance from the one who was last knocked down but who was not very badly hurt, he held him, not in a very easy position, until the Sheriff, hearing the noise, came up and put Williams in a room by himself.
     One of the reasons assigned by him for attempting the lives of his fellow prisoners was, that they were Free-masons, and as the Free-masons had lately killed Capt. Morgan, he thought it no more than right that he should kill them. We are not able to say, whether the prisoners are masons or not. Be that it may, they have been worse handled than were the prisoners at the west, who were convicted of kidnapping Morgan.

Connecticut Courant (Hartford, CT) – July 16, 1827

     From the Schoharie Republican
     A few days since a farmer in the town of Jefferson, heard load talking and angry words bandied about among his dung hill fowls, and being a man of a pacific disposition, no ways inclined to countenance family quarrels, and withal being a little curious to know the cause of the disturbance and who was in the right and who in the wrong, with divers other causes him thereunto moving, he leisurely bent his course towards the scene of cackling and confusion aforesaid, which, as is recorded in the cause of Bullum vs. Boatum, was “very natural for a man to do.” – Arrived in the vicinity of the disturbances above particularly referred to, he observed his dung hill cock, who is a great pugelist, and in the enjoyment of all his physical strength, engaged in mortal combat with a striped snake of about 18 or 20 inches in length, the cock to all appearance, having the decided advantage over his more wily though less nervous adversary, dealing his blows in quick succession, employing alternately his bill and spurs with true pugelistic skill and science. But the cunning serpent, well aware that victory must declare against him by fair combat, brought into requisition a portion of the innate cunning for which that reptile has been celebrated from the beginning of the world to the present time; and seizing his antagonist by the thigh in the rear, he completely secured himself from any further danger from him. Thus situated the cock very naturally thought his only “safety was in flight,” he accordingly “cleaved the air majestically with his wing,” the snake keeping fast his hold, and dangling like a taglock, underneath, until the cock, overcome with fatigue, alighted on a neighboring apple tree. The snake immediately coiled his tail round a branch of the tree – the cock again attempted flight but he could scarcely clear the limb, from which he hung with his head downwards, making every effort to escape, but all in vain, until the farmer came to his assistance – killed the snake, and set him at liberty. After which the farmer went to his house and wrote us a letter, from which we have gathered the above particulars, and which need not have occupied one half the space they now do, only we choose to tell them in our own way.

Eastern Argus (Portland, ME) – May 9, 1828
Swallowing Plumb Pits

     In August, 1826, a Mr. Robert Martin, of Blenheim, in this county, ate a quantity of plumbs, and under the impression that they would less liable to injure him, swallowed pits and all. He was shortly taken ill, and has been out of health ever since, until about two weeks since, when he took a powerful emetic, and singular as it may seem, he vomited up rising of thirty plumb pits, which must have remained on his stomach from the period of his having eaten the plumbs in 1826, to that time, about 13 months. Doctor Wheeler, who related to us the above facts, left in our possession several of the pits; they appear to have shrunk a trifle, and are very hard. Mr. M's health is improving. A man that will eat plumb-stones, ought yto have the digestive powers of an anaconda. - [Schoharie Republican.]

Connecticut Courant (Hartford, CT) – September 9, 1828

     On the night of the 22d ult. Henry Mattice, Esq. Of Middleburgh, Schoharie co. N. Y. had the whole of his flock of sheep, consisting of about 70, killed by dogs.

Village Register (Dedham, MA) – September 11, 1828

A Cancer

     Dr. White, of Cherry Valley N. Y. recently cut a cancer from the breast of Mrs. Ingold, of Schoharie, which weighed a pound and a half. This is the fourth time that Mrs. I. has submitted to similar painful operations. She is fast recovering, and hopes are entertained that she will not again suffer from this cause.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – September 18, 1828

     We have been requested by a friend to publish the following account of the late Commencement at Williams College, as taken from the Williamstown Advocate:
     Commencement. – This anniversary recurred on the 3d inst. The public exercises of the day interested and gratified a large and attentive assemblage. The order of exercises was
     1. Salutatory Oration in Latin, by Jos. Lyman Partridge, Hatfield.
     2. Oration. – View of nature by the atheist and Christian philosopher. – Israel T. Otis, Colchester, Con.
     3. Conference. – Grandeur as exhibited at the beginning and end of time. Warren Nichols, Reading, and Harvey Rexford Hitchcock, Great Barrington.
     4. Oration. – The spirit of the age. – Consider Parish, Worthington.
     5. Oration – Effects of the Roman conquest upon Britain. – David Belden Lyman, New Hartford, Con.
     6. Poem. – The student’s joys – Wm. Pitt Palmer, Stockbridge.
     7. Philosophical Oration. – Aurora Borealis. – Fordyce M. Hubbard, Northampton.
     *8. Oration before the Adelphic Union Society. – Alonzo Christopher Paige, Esq. Schenectady, N. Y.
     9. Greek Oration. – The Golden Fleece Henry Richard Hoisington, New-York City.
     10. Oration. – Egypt. – Alonzo Clark, Worthington.
     11. Oration. – Errors of genius. – Samuel Hutchins, New-York City.
     12. Oration. – Mr. Robert M’Clellan.
     13. Oration. – Mr. Tutor Caulkins.
     14. Oration. – Attention to the active duties of life essential to moral improvement: with the Valedictory Address. – Edward Lasell, Schoharie, N. Y.
     The new Chapel was dedicated on Tuesday. In his sermon the President gave an interesting sketch of the history of the Institution from its first establishment, prefaced with some account of the first settlement of the place, and the circumstances that led Col. Williams to make the generous bequest, to which the College owes its existence.
     The erection of this edifice and the establishment of the new Professorship the last year are due to the generous liberality of friends of the Institution and of a religious public, whose highest wishes respecting the prosperity and usefulness of the College we trust to see realized.
The degree of Bachelor of Arts was conferred on Marshall Brewster, of Madison, Ohio – Alonzo Clark, Worthington – Loomis Cook, Hadley – Horace Gleason, Petersham – Harvey Rexford Hitchcock, Great-Barrington – Henry Richard Hoisington, N. York City – Fordyce Mitchell Hubbard, Northampton – Saml. Hutchings, jr, New-York City – Edward Lasell, Schoharie, New-York – David Belden Lyman, New-Hartford, Con. – Warren Nichols, Reading – Israel Taintor Otis, Colchester, Con, - Wm. Pitt Palmer, Stockbridge – Consider Parish, Worthington – Joseph Lyman Partridge, hatfield – Edmund Burke Penniman, Williamstown – Ebenezer Harris Stratton, Williamstown, and Foster Thayer, Washington, N. C.
     The degree of Master of Arts was conferred on Asa Green, (1807) Jonathan M’Gee, Alonzo Caulkins, Calvin Durfey, Robert M’Clellan and Jeremiah Porter, alumni of the College, and Sylvester Hovey of Yale College.
     The degree of Doctor in Medicine was conferred in course on John Lester Bell, Platt Burr, Zelotus Ford, Oren Goodrich, Benjamin Gould, James H. Henry, Lanthrop M’Cray, Alvah Murdock, Simeon Snow, Lorenzo Streeter, Nathan Western, William Henry Willis, John Wm. Winslow, and Ezekiel Wood, of the Berkshire Medical Institution; and at the late commencement in the Institution on the following members of it, in course – Washington Brown Alden, Mowry Pain Arnold, Horace Ballard, Ezra Platt Bennett, Elisha Staunton Burton, Lyman Clary, Ethan
* Did not appear.

Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, MD)- October 16, 1828

     A shoemaker of Schoharie, was the other day fitting a customer with a pair of boots, when the buyer observed, that he had but one objection to them, which was that the soals were a little too thick. "If that is all," replied Crispen, "put on the boots, and the objection will gradually wear away."

Eastern Argus (Portland, ME)- December 2, 1828

     [From the Schoharie Republican.]
     A good joke. The administration party in this county, after making their nominations, called upon us to do their printing. Now, although we are Jacksonian to the back-bone, it never went against our stomach to earn money from either side, in the “way of business.” So we went at it, “hammer and tongs,” night and day – and when we had finished, we sent our devil, with a wheelbarrow load of tickets, handbills, &c. &c. to the Adams Committee Room – and in return for all our toil, and paper, and ink, and wear and tear of press and type, (to say nothing about conscience, as we disposed of that at the commencement of this article,) we say, in return for all this, what do you think, reader, they sent us? – Do you give it up? – Why, they sent us the amount of our bill, in good current Bank Notes, with word, that they did not intend to remain long indebted to a Jackson printer. ‘Egad, we’ve laughed more at this joke, than any thing that’s occurred during the election. We can’t feel in our pockets without thinking on’t.

New Hampshire Gazette (Portsmouth, NH) – March 31, 1829

     From the Schoharie Republican, we learn, that the death of a Mr. Mann was occasioned on the 15th inst. by his mistaking a dose of Salt Petre for salts. He was in his usual health, but the Salt Petre occasioned his death in less than half an hour.

Adams Sentinel (Gettysburg, PA) – April 8, 1829

     The good natured Editor of the Schoharie Republican says: “The editor – printer – publisher – foreman, and oldest apprentice, (two in all) are confined by sickness” and the whole establishment is left in care of the devil!!

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – May 14, 1829

     Abraham A. B. Quackenbush, was found dead in a meadow field, Schoharie, N. Y. on the 28th ult. Supposed to have died in a fit.

Farmer's Cabinet (Amherst, NH) – August 15, 1829

     Cooperstown, N. Y. August 3. - On Sunday, the 26th ult. in the afternoon, a distressing occurrence took place upon the waters of the lake, about seven miles from this place. A party of five men had gone out on a fishing excursion, and on their return, and within twenty rods of the shore, two of the number who could swim went into the water to bathe - the others, Samuel Hallock, of Broome, Schoharie county, and George Hallack, and Peter Coon, of Springfield, in this county, remained in the boat. They soon commenced rocking - the boat was suddenly capsized, and they immersed in about seven feet of water. Every exertion was made to save them as they rose, by their companions, till their own strength was nearly exhausted, when they swam for the shore. Another boat and assistance were procured, and the bodies were taken from the water in about half an hour afterwards. - The drowned were all men of families - and, we understand, by this melancholy event, their widows and eleven orphans are left to lament their loss.

Providence Patriot (Providence, RI) – September 12, 1829


     In Schoharie, N Y on the 23d ult. Mr. Lemuel Cuthbert, editor of the Schoharie Republican, aged 27 years.

New Hampshire Gazette (Portsmouth, NH) – October 26, 1830

     A shocking disaster occurred in Middleburgh, Schoharie county, on Friday week. A Mrs. Brownell, of that town, was driving a horse and wagon, the reins became entangled around her body, and she was dragged a distance of half a mile over a rough road. When the body was taken up, it was found to be literally torn to pieces.

New Bedford Mercury (New Bedford, MA) – October 30, 1830

     Gov. Clinton, of New-York has offered a reward of 250 dollars for the arrest of John Van Alstine, of Sharon, Schoharie County, N. Y. charged with the murder of William Huddleston, a Deputy Sheriff of said county. It is stated that sheriff Huddleston, had some executions to collect against Van Alstine, and waited on him for that purpose; from which time he disappeared. On enquiring what had become of Huddleston, Van Alstine said he had paid him the money for the executions, and supposed he had absconded with it. Search was made for several days, when some blood was discovered in Van Alstine’s barn, and on tracing it to a field they came to a place of loose earth, where the body was found buried about a foot deep, the head much bruised, apparently with a heavy club. Van Alstine instantly fled, and has since been heard of.

Eastern Argus (Portland, ME)- December 10, 1830

     Extract of a letter to the editors of the Albany Daily Advertiser, dated Gilboa, Schoharie co., Friday morning, 26th Nov. 1830: - We have had a very heavy fall of snow in this quarter for the season of the year. It began to snow on Wednesday evening and continued till Thursday evening, notwithstanding the day and night were mild, yet the snow fell from 12 to 16 inches on a level in this village, and on the highland from two to two and a half feet, and the weather is growing cold.

Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, MD) – June 6, 1831

     We learn from the Schoharie Republican of Tuesday last, that two young ladies of the town of Middleburgh, the one a daughter of Joseph H. Horst (Borst?), and the other of Peter Wilte, left home on Sunday, and have not been heard of since. They intended to cross the Schoharie Creek above Mr. Borst's mill dam; and there is reason to apprehend that in attempting to cross it, they were both drowned, as the canoe was found below the dam. Search was making for the bodies in the vicinity of the dam.
     Since the above was in type, we learn from a gentleman from Schoharie, that the melancholy suspicions contained in the above article, that the young ladies were drowned, proved to be true. Their bodies were found a short distance below where they started from to cross the creek. - Albany Daily Advertiser.

New Hampshire Gazette (Portsmouth, NH) – July 26, 1831

     On Monday night, a man from Schoharie entered the store of Mr. Cook in Albany, and unfortunately eat a part of a cracker, prepared with butter and arsenic, and intended for rats. Shortly after it was discovered, and medical means were immediately used, but it was too late. The man died in a few hours afterwards.

Adams Sentinel (Gettysburg, PA) – August 16, 1831

     David Williams, the last surviving captor of Major Andre, has gone to join his brother patriots who have passed before him to the realm of glory. His services to his country will always be remembered with gratitude, and his name will go down to posterity enrolled among the purest and noblest and most disinterested of men. As one whom gold could not corrupt, nor prospects of grandeur change. So long as patriotic virtue exists, so long will the names of Paulding, Van Wart and Williams be remembered.
     Williams died at Livingstonville, Schoharie county, New York, on Tuesday, the 2d August, and he was interred with military honors. He was born on the 21st October, 1754. Therefore at the time of his death he was aged 76 years 9 months and 12 days.

Star (Gettysburg, PA) – August 16, 1831

Death of David Williams, the last of the Captors of Andre

     A correspondent of the Albany Argus, at Rensselaerville, says - "David Williams, the last of the captors of Major Andre, died on Tuesday of this week, at sundown. His remains were interred on Thursday with military honors, at Livingstonville, Schoharie county."
     This venerable patriot (says the Argus) was in the 79th year of his age. Although infirm, his general health, down to a very recent period, was good. The great action in which he was a participator, will associate his name among the brave and faithful of an era in which it was his good fortune not only to live and to act, but to perform services, under the strongest adverse temptations, of incalculable value to his county. There is no event more strikingly characteristic of our revolution, its objects and agents, than the refusal of three obscure men, suffering all the deprivations of war and poverty, and gaining a precarious subsistence by occasional labor on their half deserted farms, and by occasional service in the army, to accept of great wealth and affluence at the expense of the cause in which they were engaged.

Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, MD) – October 10, 1831

Silver Mines

     It is reported in Albany that a valuable silver ore has been, within a few days, discovered in great quantities in the county of Schoharie, in the State of New York.

Newport Mercury (Newport, RI) – October 15, 1831


     At Schoharie, N. Y. on the 1st inst. Mr. Abraham A. Keyser, editor of the Schoharie Republican, to Miss Elizabeth Ann Townsend, daughter of the late Mr. Job E. Townsend, of this town.

Adams Sentinel (Gettysburg, PA) – July 6, 1835

Another Revolutionary Patriot Gone!

     Getty Vanderzee, aged 84 years, widow of Tennis Vanderzee, died recently at Troy, N. Y. The deceased was the last of four sisters, who, together with a number of older ladies, assisted by an ensign, gallantly defended the Middle Fort at Schoharie, during the revolutionary war. The place was surprised by a large number of Indians, at the time when the troops and male inhabitants were sent to the Lower Fort, situated about four miles distant, which was to be attacked by the enemy. The females with their children repaired to the Fort for protection. It was then under the care of a Major, and Ensign Becker, who was then only 16 years old. The major insisted on surrendering, but the young ensign objected to such a course. The women joined with the ensign, and declared their determination to resist the approach of the enemy. They succeeded in confining the major in the cellar, when they went to work and managed the guns with great bravery and skill. The enemy were kept at a distance, and prevented from taking the Fort until a reinforcement arrived from the other Fort below, when the enemy were routed and the Fort saved. The major was broke for his cowardly conduct, and the gallant young ensign immediately promoted to his place. The above incident will give some idea of the spirit which animated even our mothers during the critical period of the revolution. It was by such perseverance and bravery that our liberties were obtained.

Newport Mercury (Newport, RI) – April 2, 1836


     At Schoharie, (N. Y.) on the 25th inst. much esteemed and lamented, John Lawyer, Esq. Counsellor at Law, aged 40 years.

Farmer's Cabinet (Amherst, NH) – June 3, 1836

A Church Burnt in Schoharie County

     The Presbyterian Church in the town of Jefferson, Schoharie county, was destroyed by fire on the night of the 11th inst. A correspondent of the Schoharie Republican states, that it was undoubtedly the work of an incendiary. It occurred on the last evening of the semi-annual examination of the pupils of Jefferson Academy, which was held by the church. A few minutes before the house was ascertained to be on fire, a report like that of a gun, was heard under the church, where was deposited a large quantity of shavings, perfectly dry, which communicated the flames with great rapidity to every part of the house. There were at least 700 persons in the house when the cry of fire was heard. The shreiks of frightened females, and the long and loud cries of parents for children, who were supposed to be perishing in the flames, is said to have rendered the scene truly horrible. Considerable property was destroyed, consisting of books, hats, shawls, chairs, &c. No lives were lost, though some persons were badly injured. - New York American.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – July 20, 1837

     A curious instance of prolonged somnolency, or suspended consciousness, is related in the last Schoharie Republican - which approximates in kind, if not in duration, the case of Rip Van Winkle. A Mrs. Sidney, living near that village, fell asleep in her chair soon after tea on the 18th ult. - was carried to bed (it being found impossible to wake her,) where she slept soundly and quietly until the 24th, when for the first time she appeared to notice what was passing. During all this time, (six days) she took no food. - Albany Argus.

Mohawk Courier (Little Falls, NY) - February 1, 1838

     BENNETT, James Esq. married January 13, 1838 Cynthia STIMSON of Livingstonville, Schoharie County at Livingstonville; Rev. A.W. Bushnell.

Mohawk Courier (Little Falls, NY) - February 1, 1838

     BOYD, James A., Esq. married January 17, 1838 Emily STIMSON of Livingstonville, Schoharie County at Livingstonville; Rev. A.W. Bushnell.

New Hampshire Sentinel (Keene, NH) - March 1, 1838

From the Albany Journal of February 15
Glorious News From Old Schoharie
Great Whig Triumph

     The Whigs have triumphed, gloriously triumphed, in Old Schoharie, where, for ten years, the Regency have been in power. The election, on Tuesday, was the most exciting and desperate which ever took place in that town. each ticket was headed by confessedly the strongest men in the town. The political lines were distinctly drawn. Both parties exerted their utmost energies. The ground was contested inch by inch. A hundred more votes were polled than on any other former occasion. The result was most auspicious. Henry Hamilton, Esq., the Whig candidate for Supervisor, was elected over Judge John C. Wright, by a majority of seventeen.

Lutheran Observer (Baltimore, MD) - March 30, 1838

     Died, at South Worcester, Otsego county, N. Y., on the 13th instant, Eliza D. Becker, consort of Abraham Becker, Esq., Counsellor at Law, aged twenty-five years. In June, 1836, she was married in Middleburg, Schoharie county, at her father's.

The Ohio Repository (Canton, OH) - April 5, 1838

     The Light out! – As we expected, the Albany Argus, has dropped the head of ‘Democratic Re-actions.’ The Evening Journal has taken it up, and every number of that sterling Whig paper bears proof that the people of New York have indignantly spurned the Locofocoism at the polls. – The Journal says ‘on no former occasion have we had such tremendous and overwhelming demonstrations of popular indignation against the Administration. The voice of thunder in which the freemen of Schoharie, Otsego, Chenango, Oswego & Jefferson have spoken, must appal the office holders! In each of these counties, and for the first time, there is a Whig Board of Supervisors!’

The Hudson River Chronicle (Sing-Sing, NY) - May 1, 1838

Breach of Promise

     The Catskill Messenger contains a long, but interesting account of an action for breach of marriage contract, lately tried at the Circuit Court in that village. The plaintiff was a Miss Abigail Ann McGray, daughter of Daniel McGray, Esq., of Schoharie County, and the defendant, a Mr. Lawrence Brandow, of Plattsville, Green county. Both parties belonged to highly respectable families, and the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff of $1200.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – July 19, 1838


     At Schoharie, N. Y. suddenly, on the 24th ult. of the quick consumption, Mr. Paul Delano, of this town, aged 47.

The Hudson River Chronicle (Sing-Sing, NY) – August 27, 1839

     Impudence! - We find in the Schoharie Republican the following lying paragraph:

                                      "Whig Currency
     Post notes, in the similitude of Bank notes, payable 6, 9 and 18 months after date - by way of convenience called the credit system.
                                    Democratic Currency
     Notes payable on demand, convertible at the will of the holder into gold or silver - and the precious metals in circulation throughout the world."

     Let the editor of the Republican, if he dare, tell the truth and nothing but the truth to his readers in this matter. Let him say where and by whom shinplasters are now issued as currency. Let him remember that the Locofoco Administration at Washington has been busy for a year past in issuing post-notes - and that the LocoFoco Common Council of New York has recently "followed in the footsteps" of the General Government, and commenced the issue of its "promises to pay" at an expense to the tax-payers of the Commercial Emporium of one cent per month! let him, we say, remember this, and blush for the hypocritical effrontery which would attempt to palm off as genuine such base coinage as the above extract, - Alb. Adv.

The Hudson River Chronicle (Sing-Sing, NY) – March 3, 1840

Canal Commissioners

     Our readers will perceive from the Legislative proceedings of Saturday, that Asa Whitney, of Albany; David Hudson, of Ontario; S. Newton Dexter, of Oneida; Henry Hamilton, of Schoharie; and George H. Boughton, of Niagara, have been duly appointed Canal Commissioners, in the place of Samuel Young, William C. Bouck, Jonas Earll, Jr., William Baker, and John Bowman. The new commissioners come up in all respects to the Jeffersonian standard. They are honest, capable, and faithful to the Constitution. The interests of our public works could not be confided to more trusty hands. the great mass of the People will sanction this selection.
                                                                                                                                Alb. Dai. Adv.

The Hudson River Chronicle (Sing-Sing, NY) – March 24, 1840

New Public Hotel

     The subscriber offers to Let or Lease the Sharon Springs Pavilion, a large and beautiful Hotel now being finished, situated at Sharon, Schoharie County, in this State.
     Its location, upon the verge of Schoharie, Otsego, and Montgomery Counties, surrounded by a cluster of villages, Cherry Valley, Cooperstown, Schoharie, Esperance, Springfield, Fort Plain, Canajoharie, and others, and commanding an extensive view across the Mohawk Valley into Vermont - possesses advantages and beauties for a fashionable Summer resort highly picturesque and desirable. It is easily accessible, being contiguous to the Great Western Turnpike, 45 miles West of Albany, 7 miles East of Cherry Valley, about 10 miles from the Erie Canal and Utica Railroad, at Canajoharie, and is within a few hours ride of Utica, Saratoga Springs, Albany, Troy, Schenectady, &c. Added to these advantages, the Springs possess medicinal and healing properties, which, in some respects, it is believed, are unequalled by any in the United States.
     The want of sufficient accommodations for the throngs of visitors at these springs during the past Summer, Promises a large patronage the coming season; and as the establishment of a good reputation for the House is the primary object, (the amount of rent being wholly a secondary consideration,) the present is believed to afford a rare opportunity for a profitable establishment. The Hotel is surrounded by about 100 acres of first rate land, all under cultivation, the whole or any part of which may be had with it.
     Letters (post paid) addressed to the subscriber, will receive immediate attention.
                                                                                                 A. Williams
                                                                                        58 William st., New York
March 24, 1840.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – October 1, 1840

     The Hudson Gazette says that on a banner stretched across the street in Poughkeepsie, on Wednesday, was the following motto.

William C. Bouck - the Farmet of Schoharie -
will hoe out the Weeds, Roots, and
Small Potatoes

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – August 12, 1841


     At Schoharie, N. Y. on the 26th ult. Mr. John M. Isham, aged 36, formerly of this town.

Lutheran Observer (Baltimore, MD) - November 26, 1841

     Died at Richmondville, on the 14th ult., Mr. Elias Harroway, in the 52d year of his age.

The Hudson River Chronicle (Sing-Sing, NY) – July 12, 1842

Removal of a Sheriff from Office

     The Governor of this State has removed Cyrus Smith, the Locofoco Sheriff of Schoharie County, from the said office of Sheriff. The cause of this removal was misconduct and violations of law. It appears, from the examination of the case, that this Locofoco Sheriff had permitted prisoners, who had been condemned to imprisonment in the Jail of the County, to go at large, visit grog-shops, carry spirituous liquors to the cells to give to other prisoners, and had them labor for himself, and permitted them to labor for others, beyond the limits of the Prison. And, what is worse and more infamous than all, actually converted the Prison into a house of prostitution! Prisoners, of different sexes, were confined to the same cell; and females, confined for keeping houses of ill-fame, were permitted to receive their paramours in their cells, while men, of infamous character, were visited in their cells by lewd women! This Cyrus Smith is the Locofoco Sheriff of the Locofoco County of Schoharie; and notwithstanding this gross, infamous, and damning conduct, we presume the Locofocos will hold up the removal by Gov. Seward, as an act of unmitigated persecution!

Farmer's Cabinet (Amherst, NH) - September 2, 1842

From the Boston Transcript
Discovery of a Vast Cavern in Schoharie, N. Y.

     This new cave is not to be identified with the celebrated "Ball's Cave" of Schoharie, but is reported as far exceeding it in vastness, besides being more remarkable in its structure. Mr. Yates, a corespondent of the New York Commercial, in a long letter of nearly two columns, and from which we make a few extracts, minutely describes this past discovered cavern. It is situated in a northeastern direction from the Schoharie mountains, near the "Cave House" kept by Mr. Lester Howe, a very respectable farmer, who is proud of the cave, being for all that is known to the contrary, its discoverer. Mr. Howe entered it for the first time last May, since which, he has made numerous explorations, penetrating on one occasion, a distance of five miles, and yet not coming to a termination!
     Having fairly entered the cave, (writes Mr. Yates) we were obliged to walk in a stooping posture through a descending avenue, averaging 3 feet in height, width from five to ten feet, and length about twenty-five feet. We then found ourselves in "the ante-chamber," a room about ten feet square, and supplied with natural shelves which suggested to our host the idea of fitting it up as a refreshment room.
     On we went through another avenue or hall forty feet long, about four feet high, and six feet wide, whence we emerged into another room seventy-five feet by fifty, which I shall call "the assembly room." At one end of this room is a natural elevation, which could, with a little clearing away of rubbish, be made to answer as a stage or pulpit for an orator.
     On the right, we discovered a conical opening of immense height, not uncommon in caverns, and which are usually denominated 'domes' or 'belfreys.' Diverging to the left through an avenue, about fifteen feet in length, we found another room, which, from its form, we denominated the rotunda. Thence proceeding north about fifteen feet, we came to the lowest passage yet discovered, eighteen inches being the utmost height from the bottom to the vault of the cavern. Even the process of creeping on hands and knees was here impracticable.
     It seemed as if each one of us was now doomed to realize in his own person the sentence relating to the manner of locomotion, pronounced of old upon the beastly tempter in the garden of Eden; and not only so, but
'Like a wounded snake drag his slow length along.'
After undergoing this penance for five or six minutes, I was rewarded by being ushered into a room that resembled in many respects the rotunda of Ball's Cave. From this room there were avenues leading to the right and left. Following the right avenue I was conducted to a large chamber, which contained the largest stalactites I had ever yet seen. The predominating appearance of the stalactites in this cave is that of enormously large mullen leaves, hanging in clusters.
     Pursuing our circuitous way through the main gallery of the cavern - now stooping and then creeping - we presently came to another apartment furnished with a towering dome. Here we found an exceedingly large stalagmite of pyramidal form. This mound-like formation , like all others in this cavern, (as well as in all lime-stone caverns,) is formed of carbonate of lime - is of a yellowish color - and presents in the main a smooth surface, with moisture varnished. A mammoth stalagmite nearly filling the whole chamber, and about twelve feet high, is to be seen at some distance farther in the interior of the cave.
     To give a circumstantial account of the many other side chambers, domes and passage ways, to be seen in this wondrous cavern, would be but a repetition of description already given.
     We had penetrated into the interior of the cave to the distance of nearly one mile, when Mr. Howe intimated that we were in the neighborhood of "the lake," upon arriving at which we found a new and substantial boat ready for our reception, which Mr. Howe, with a commendable spirit of enterprise, and a tender regard for the welfare of all future travellers in his subterranean domains had built a short time previous. This lake is about 50 feet across, and 12 feet deep. It was not necessary here as in Ball's cave to prostate ourselves in the boat to avoid the projecting rocks.
     Landing on the shore we followed the main avenue of the cavern about a mile farther, until I arrived at the point. It was here, I heard a sound similar to the roar of either the wind or distant falling water. We noticed an opening to the left, which Mr. Howe said had never yet been explored. We entered it, and the farther we proceeded, the more distinctly could we hear the sound of what we were now morally certain was a cataract. The noise continued to grow louder until it became almost deafening. At length I could with the great mathematician of old exclaim, Eureka! We were upon a level with the top of the fall, but could not enjoy the sight of it, as it was lost in the clefts of the rocks, foaming, tumbling, rushing into the gulph below, with a momentum that shook the very foundation of the cavern.
          "Now rolling down the steep amain
          Headlong, impetuous - see it pour,
          While trembling rocks rebellow to the roar.
     We had now been five hours in the cave, and had traversed the distance of three miles, and wishing to return to Schoharie village before sunset, we commenced a retreat.
     On emerging from the cave, I noticed, as I had done before, on leaving Ball's cave, the great difference between the air of the cave and of the upper earth. Comparing air with water, the former is the pure cool water of the living fountain, the latter the insipid water of the rain-vat. I experienced, too, a sensation of lassitude, to which I was an utter stranger when I was in the cave. In all this there is, in my opinion, nothing singular. The nitre, which is so well known to abound in caverns, solves the mystery. It imparts a healthy action to the respiratory organs, and slightly exhilarates while it invigorates the whole system. As germane to this subject, witness the cures of consumption effected by breathing the fumes of nitric acid, and the experiment of Dr. Mitchell, of Kentucky, who being much debilitated and afflicted with a pulmonary complaint, was restored to health by inhaling for a period the air of the celebrated Mammoth Cave of that state.
     The cave abounds in natural formations of great beauty, such as cannot be examined without intense interest, and luckily too large to be removed by the covetous hand of the geologist. Mr. Yates says that he saw in the course of his wanderings through the cavern several square columns, with bases and cornices, apparently cut out of the solid rock; and many of the arches over head looked like fine stone masonry, the white incrustations having the appearance of cement or mortar.
     No name has been given as yet to the cave, but the letter writer remarks: "It might not inappropriately be called "The Great Tunnel Cave," but the term "Gallery," the primary meaning of which is - "a long apartment leading to other rooms" - is very expressive. Some would perhaps prefer the name of "Cataract cave," as the cataract is truly one of its distinguishing features."

Farmer's Cabinet (Amherst, NH) - March 31, 1843

     Senator John C. Wright has received the office of Post Master at Esperance, Schoharie county.

Lutheran Observer (Baltimore, MD) - April 14, 1843

     Died in Cobleskill, Schoharie Co., N.Y., on Tuesday evening, March 31st, Mary Elizabeth, only child of Dr. J. C. and Eliza Benham, in the 3d year of her age.

Lutheran Observer (Baltimore, MD) - May 5, 1843

     Died on Monday morning, the 3rd instant, in the town of Cobleskill, New York, Mrs. Catharine Warner, consort of Henry Warner, in the 44th year of her age.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – July 11, 1844


     At New-Hartford, Oneida County, N. Y. June 29th, John Remington, aged 82. Mr. Remington was a native of Pittsfield, Mass. but, removed to New-Hartford some 40 years ago, and has ever since resided at that place. He was one of that Spartan Band who periled their all in the cause of their country, at a time which has been truly said to have tried men's souls. He was at Schoharie when the savage Brandt and his more than savage ally Butler, with their Tories and Indians, laid waste that beautiful settlement, murdering in cold blood defenceless women and children, and committing cruelties too shocking to relate. The handful of Americans on the spot, pursued the retreating enemy as far as Stone Arabia, when they were ordered to return. When the news of the Battle of Bennington reached Pittsfield, he joined a corpse of volunteers, and set out immediately to join the army under gen. gates, who were then straining every nerve to prevent Burgoyne's reaching Albany; and altho' he was not so fortunate as to have participated in the battle that crushed the British power at the North, and terminated in the surrender of her whole force at Stillwater, (not having reached the American lines until the next morning after the surrender) yet every possible exertion was made by the little band of heroes, to reach the ground in season. But he has now gone to his long home. Thus one by one are the men who achieved our glorious independence gathered to their fathers - and soon, very soon, can it in truth be said of these patrols "that the places that once knew them, shall now know them no more forever." - His funeral was attended by a large concourse, who manifested their respect for the memory of the dead, in assisting in the last sad rites due in departed worth.
     New-Hartford, July 3, 1844.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – August 29, 1844


Williams College

     The Commencement was on the 21st inst. The following were the exercises: -


Prayer by the President.
Salutory Oration in Latin
                                   Charles S. Spencer, Ithaca, N. Y.
Oration - The Christian Student
                                   David Rood, Plainfield
Oration - The Arts of Design
                                   James C. Claff, Pittsfield
Oration - The good old Times
                                   Calvin C. Halsey, Niagara, N. Y.
Oration - The Judiciary
                                   Samuel W. Bowerman, North Adams
Oration - Philosophy of Travel
                                   George W. Burrall, Stockbridge
Oration - The Right of Discovery
                                   Joseph B. Hawker, Charlemont
Oration - Fourierism Defended
                                   Martin S. Pixley, Plainfield
Oration - Feeling and Principle
                                   Cyrus T. Mills, Lenox, N. Y.
Oration - Symmetry of Character
                                   William B. Rice, Williamsburgh
Oration - Man and Men
                                   Henry S. Briggs, Pittsfield
Oration - Utility and Beauty
                                   James M. Wilson, Washington, D. C.
Oration - Restoration of the Jews
                                   Derick L. Boardman, Rome, N. Y.
Oration - The Practical
                                   Henry P. Coon, Taconic, N. Y.
Oration - Conservatism
                                   Josiah Lasell, Schoharie, N. Y.
Oration - Mental Impressions imperishable
                                   William L. Silcox, Longmeadow
Philosophical Oration - Theory of Boscovich
                                   Charles H. Demond, Ware Village
Oration before the Adelphic Union Society
                                   Rev. John Todd


Oration - English Literature
                                   George G. Wallee, Wyoming Valley, Pa.
Oration - Universal Suffrage
                                   Marshall Wilcox, Otis
Oration - Mystery of Existences
                                   Aretas G. Loomis, Bennington, Vt
Poem - Judea. Aaron R. Wolfe, Mendham, N. J.
Oration - The Right of Search
                                   George F. Betts, New-York City
Oration - Making Haste Slowly
                                   J. Edwards Ford, West Point, N. Y.
First English Oration - Liberty and Law
                                   Joseph H. Budd, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
Valedictory Oration - Efficiency, An Attribute of Mind only.
                                   Theron H. Hawkes, Buckland
Degrees Conferred

     The degree of A. B. was conferred upon the following persons: - Jacob Best, Geo. F. Betts, Derick L. Boardman, Henry S. Briggs, Joseph H. Budd, George W. Burrall, James C. Clapp, Henry A. Clark, Henry P. Coon, Isaac De La Mater, Charles H. Demond, Jonathan E. Ford, Calvin C. Halsey, Joseph B. Hawkes, Theron H. Hawkes, David H. Kellogg, John P. Lansing, Josiah Lasell, Henry B. Livingston, Aretas G. Loomis, Cyrus T. Mills, Edward N. S. Morgan, Martin S. Pixley, Wm. B. Rice, David Rood, Wm. L. Silcox, J. Sanford Smith, Charles S. Spencer, George G. Waller, Marshall Wilcox, james M. Wilson, Aaron R. Wolfe.
     The degree of A. M. upon John W. Bulkley, Hubbard Bebee, Timothy Childs, Wm. A. Keith, Orramel Cooley, james Sedgwick, Benjamin Wilcox.
     The Honorary Degree of A. M. upon Charles Hathaway, Esq. of Delhi, N. Y. and Henry M. Parsons, of New York city.
     The Degree of L. L. D. upon His Excellency George N. Briggs, Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
     The Oration of Rev. John Todd, was replete with sound instruction and striking illustrations of the importance of improving the voice of public speakers.
     Mr. Amos Lawrence, of Boston, has increased his donation to the College to the sum of ten thousand dollars.
     The Professor of Languages is hereafter to be called the Lawrence Professor of Languages.
     Professor Kellogg has, on account of his health, resigned his office. In parting with this good man, the College is deprived of one of its most useful officers. It is not the time to speak of him as we desire to do - and there is little necessity for it, for his valuable services are known and appreciated far beyond the circulation of this paragraph.
     Hon. Emory Washburn was elected the Alumni Orator for the next Commencement.

The Hudson River Chronicle (Sing-Sing, NY) – September 24, 1844

     A Schoharie farmer has preserved apples in thoroughly dried sand, for a year, as fresh as when taken from the tree.

Lutheran Observer (Baltimore, MD) - September 27, 1844

     Married on Tuesday evening last by the Rev. James Lefler, Mr. Robert Platner of Claverack, Columbia Co., N. Y., to Miss Eliza Gridley of Middleburgh, Schoharie Co., N. Y.

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, PA) – January 19, 1845

Destructive Fires

     A fire occurred at Schoharie, N. Y., on the evening of the 2d inst., which destroyed the stables and sheds of the Schoharie Hotel. A warehouse connected with the dry-goods establishment of J. G. Geddard & Co., containing merchandize, and a large quantity of lumber.

Farmer's Cabinet (Amherst, NH) – April 3, 1845

     Francis Bancroft, a revolutionary soldier, died at Schoharie, N. Y., on the 21st inst., at 11 o'clock, A. M., aged 102 years. When his father was 105 and his mother 102 years of age, they mounted the same horse and together rode from Borst's Mill, in the town of Middleburgh, to visit a neighbor in the town of Schoharie, named Warner, two miles distant, without appearing to suffer materially from the fatigue. The family has always been noted for longevity.

The Hudson River Chronicle (Sing-Sing, NY) – June 17, 1845

Marriage Ties

     In Poundridge, 18th inst. Francis Smith, of South Norwalk, and Rebecca Weed, of Schoharie co.

The Hudson River Chronicle (Sing-Sing, NY) – July 1, 1845

     There is a continual resistance to the civil authorities in Schoharie county. On Friday last the Sheriff's posse were repeatedly fired upon, and one man was wounded in the hand.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – July 3, 1845

     The Court-House and Jail of Schoharie County, N. Y. was destroyed by fire on Saturday night.

Farmer's Cabinet (Amherst, NH) – August 28, 1845

     The Anti-Rent Troubles. - The Delhi Express of the 20th states that forty-one prisoners have been brought in, 25 of whom have been fully committed as accessaries to the murder, among which number, it will be seen, is Earll, the author of the fatal affair; seven have been discharged, the proof against them not being sufficient to hold them; and the remaining nineteen are yet to be disposed of.
     Fully Committed on the Charge of Murder - Augustus Kettle, Daniel Northop, Zadoc P. Northop, John Phoenix, John Van Steenburgh, William Reside, Moses Earll, Henry D. Wickham, Zera Preston, Isaac L Burhans, Alonzo Sanford, Darius Travis, William Menzie, Barbour Stafford, William Brisbane. Nothing further is heard of Scudder. A posse of resolute fellows left this noon to scour part of Schoharie. It is generally believed that Scudder and several others have taken themselves from this county to Schoharie. There is a high ridge of mountains between the Indian territory in Delaware and Schoharie counties, over which these men can pass and repass in comparative security, and it has been ascertained to be a runway for them.
     Later - A letter dated Summit, Schoharie county, August 21, says - "A posse is here today from Delaware, assisted by a Schoharie posse, making arrests of men supposed to have been present at the murder of Steele. Thirteen men were taken in this county yesterday."

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, PA) – September 8, 1845


     Since Gov. Wright issued his proclamation declaring Delaware county in a state of insurrection, the Anti-Rent excitement is subsiding, in Sullivan and Schoharie counties especially. The officers of the law have been untiring in their efforts to secure the leaders, and have to a great extent succeeded. Many of the Anti-Renters have entered into an arrangement which is quite satisfactory, the tenants paying the back rents.

Berkshire County Whig (Pittsfield, MA) – September 11, 1845

     On Tuesday the 26th ult, the principal men of the anti-rent association, at an assembly at Gilboa, passed resolutions dissolving their association and abandoning all opposition to the constituted authorities. Gov. Wright's orders concerning the insurrection in Delaware county, were not passed until several days after the above proceedings, and probably they were reciprocally founded on each other. The Governor's calling upon the landlord's to extinguish the feudal or baronial tenure by a transfer to the tenants in fee, is a condition on which the military force is to be exerted, as it was the condition, tacitly, on which the Schoharie association was dissolved. The matter is a fitter subject for compromise than war.

Berkshire County Whig (Pittsfield, MA) – April 9, 1846

     A correspondent of the Albany Journal, writing from Schoharie, March 27, says that George Sornberger of the town of Davenport, Delaware county, was murdered on Tuesday night last, near the 'Vly Summit,' in the town of Middleburgh, by a man named John Burnett, a resident of that town. Sornberger leaves at home, a wife and nine children. Burnett is but 22 years of age, of vicious and irregular habits, and very ignorant; to which causes alone the murder might be attributed.

Farmer's Cabinet (Amherst, NH) – May 14, 1846

Cataract Cave Schoharie

     The Cataract cave was first opened about two years since, by a young man of the name of Howe. The opening when first noticed, was but little larger than a man's arm; but after arduous labor for some hours, he succeeded in making his way into a passage where he could stand erect, and continuing on, numerous chambers were discovered, of great extent and beauty. The main avenue has been since examined toa distance of seven miles. One of the innermost rooms, (six miles from the entrance,) which has been named the Rotunda, is 30 or 40 feet in diameter, and is said to be 500 feet in height. Beyond this there was another rotunda about 12 feet in diameter, and several hundred feet high. The chambers are splendidly arrayed in stalactites and stalagmites, many of which are of gigantic dimensions. Thousands of bat's bones covered the bottom in some places, and many were imbedded in the stalagmite. About a mile from the entrance, and half a mile from the main avenue, there is a fall of water, of great magnitude, whose roaring in these subterraneous recesses, has been compared to Niagara; the cave is named, from this fall, the Cataract Cave. The rock in which it occurs is limestone. - [Silliman's Journal.]

Janesville Gazette (Janesville, WI) – August 1, 1846

     John Burnett was executed at Schenectady, New York, on the 21st inst., for the murder of Sornberger, last winter, in Schoharie co. He remained hanging thirty minutes, before life was extinct.

Bangor Daily Whig and Courier (Bangor, ME) – September 28, 1846

A Profane Swearer Nonplussed

     In Schoharie County there lives a man whose addiction to swearing is such that his name has become a byword and a reproach; but by some internal thermometer he so graduates his oaths as to make them apply to the peculiar case in hand; the greater the mishap or cause for anger, the stronger and more frequent his odjurations. His business is that of a gatherer of ashes, which he collects in small quantities and transports in an oxcart. Upon a recent occasion, having by dint of great labor succeeded in filling his vehicle he started for the ashery, which stands at the bow of a steep hill; and it was not until he reached the door that he noticed, winding its tortuous course down the long declivity, a line of white ashes, while something short of a peck remained in the cart. "The dwellers by the wayside and they that tarried there " had assembled in great force, expecting an unusual and themetial display, "Turning however to the crowd the unfortunate man heaved a sigh, and simply remarked: "Neighbors, it's no use; I cant do justice to the subject!" - Knickerbocker.

The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA) – November 26, 1846

     Not Bad. – Dr. Nott, President of the Union College, was once upon a visit to a gentleman in Schoharie, with whom he had long held correspondence but to whom he had never been introduced. He knocked at the door, which the gentleman opened, when the doctor thus introduced himself. “I am Nott, from Schenectady.” “You are not from Schenectady! Well, where are you from, then?”

Janesville Gazette (Janesville, WI) – March 6, 1847

     Yet Another Victim! – On Friday last, the people of Hyndsville, in the town of Seward, in this County, were made to witness a shocking scene – the effect of Rum. Benjamin Letts, a middle-aged man, and father of a large and respectable family in that place, was found dead that morning in the fields about two miles distant between his house and Cobleskill Centre. He had left home before daylight the Tuesday morning previous – gone to Cobleskill Centre – got two jars filled with liquor there – started for home, and was last seen alive the same morning about nine o’clock, a few rods from where he was found dead on Friday. His head and limbs were frozen fast in the ice and ground, so that it was found necessary to chop him out with an ax. When got out his countenance was horribly discolored and distorted, as if he had died in great agony. His limbs were drawn up and stiff, so that even after having been exposed to the heat of a warm fire fo a long time, they could not be relaxed sufficiently to lay him out until he had been taken to a neighboring tan-yard and placed in a vat of cold water for several hours. When first discovered, one of his jugs was lying beside him nearly emptied of its contents, while the other, filled and corked, was firmly pressed by one arm to his side. A more painful and heart-rending picture than he presented, cannot be imagined. – Schoharie Patriot.

Lutheran Observer (Baltimore, MD) - June 22, 1849

     Died in Sharon, Schoharie Co., N. Y., on the 5th ult., Doct. C. Moeller, in the 65th year of his age. Member of the Lutheran church in Sharon, of which his father was formerly pastor.

The Hudson River Chronicle (Sing-Sing, NY) – July 3, 1849

Another Fatal Occurrence

     A melancholy disaster befell two young men, named Jerome Griggs and Francis Ross, on Tuesday morning last, near the village of Gallupville, about four miles east of this place. Young Griggs, who was the son of Mr. John P. Griggs, the owner of the Schoharie Mills, near Fox's Creek Bridge in this town, left home that morning for Albany, with his father's team, for a load of flour. Mr. Ross, who resided in one of the towns in Albany county, intended to accompany young Mr. Griggs to his home. As they were descending a hill, it is supposed, the clevis belt at one end of the whiffletree came out, letting it drop against the horse's heels. They started to run; and Mr. Ross, in attempting to assist his companion in checking their speed hastily grasped at the lines, but caught only one of them. By this means, it is supposed the horses were reined out of the road, and the wagon suddenly upset, turning completely over. The catastrophe, was witnessed by Mr. John Sternbergh, and family, who hastened with other persons near by, to their relief. The wagon had fallen on them. Young Griggs, on being lifted up exclaimed, 'where is Ross?' Search was made and he was found completely covered under the box of the wagon.
     They were taken to the house of Mr. Jacob H. Woolford, near by, and every effort made for their relief. Young Griggs was able to converse with his father on his arrival. Hopes were entertained of his recovery. But the physicians discovered a severe and fatal wound of the spine between the shoulders; his lower limbs becoming cold and insensible to any feeling. He died on Wednesday evening. Mr. Ross, who when taken up, was supposed to be the most dangerously hurt, still survives.
     The funeral of Jerome Griggs, whose age, when he died, was 18 years and 17 days, was numerously attended at the Old Stone Church near his father's residence, on Thursday afternoon. He was a young man mush esteemed and beloved, and the painful and sudden manner in which he met his death, was rent with anguish the hearts of his parents, brothers and sisters.
     Mr. Ross, during the last winter and spring, attended the Academy in this village. he has many friends in this vicinity, but no relatives in this country; having been left an orphan when a child by the death of both his parents by cholera in 1832. -- Schoharie Patriot of Friday 22d ult.

Lutheran Observer (Baltimore, MD) - October 4, 1850

     Departed this life in Sharon, Schoharie County, N.Y., July 24th, Mr. Caleb Beekly, in the 70th year of his age.

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